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Page of Ulysses Annotated Quote Text Namesort descending Post date Link
28 algebra Echo of Mulligan's early explanation of Stephen's Hamlet paradox Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:09 view
11 barbacans castle towers (often spelled barbicans) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:28 view
26 Weep no more Lines from a Milton poem Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:15 view
9 The twining stresses The lines of the song are built of pairs of unstressed-stressed syllables. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:32 view
25 pier a dock or other walkway extending into water upon supports Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:21 view
25 a disappointed bridge disappointed in that doesn't cross any water Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:19 view
7 Magdalen Magdalen College, part of the University of Oxford Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:35 view
3 Stephen Dedalus Stephen Dedalus was the central character in an earlier book by James Joyce (his first novel, actually!), A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. In Portrait, Stephen follows a close parallel to Joyce's own youth. In Ulysses, Stephen still represents Joyce's youth, but it feels like Joyce has matured and distanced himself from Stephen since the previous novel and is now able treat the character more critically. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 11:29 view
6 skivvy servant/maid Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:38 view
3 made rapid crosses Mulligan continues to mock the Mass by making the sign of the cross (a Catholic hand gesture) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:08 view
12 Sandycove A seaside area of Dublin Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 12:32 view
5 Epi oinopa ponton Greek for "the wine-dark sea", as Homer terms it in the Odyssey; afterwards paralleled by Mulligan with "the snot-green sea" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:41 view
22 up the pole Pregnant Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:36 view
4 a black panther I don't think that the two exactly map; Bloom is alluded to with a variety of metaphors that suggest what a dark horse is (unexpected winner, no one bets on him) as well as an outsider or shadow (metaphors for darkness, dwelling on the outskirts of things). Amanda Visconti 2015-03-02 14:12 view
4 prelate Person of high rank and influence within the church, such as a bishop Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:45 view
21 Michael an archangel often depicted as militant Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:44 view
33 The harlot's cry from street to streetShall weave old England's winding sheet. from William Blake's ''Auguries of Innocence'' Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:16 view
19 when I'm making the wine the miracle at Cana, when Jesus turned water into wine for wedding guests Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:53 view
32 the dictates of common sense Deasy reads portions of the letter he is typing aloud, which is full of trite but high-sounding phrases Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:26 view
22 key Mulligan succeeds in getting the key from Stephen, effectively shutting him out of his home. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:05 view
31 O'Connell Daniel O'Connell, an Irish political leader from roughly a century before the time of the story; he was a champion of Irish Catholics and worked for them to be admitted to the British Parliament Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:29 view
17 To the secretary of state for war The Martello tower shared by Stephen, Mulligan, and Haines was originally a defensive structure --thus the strange landlord. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:18 view
30 shillings, sixpences, halfcrowns units of British money Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
14 me she slights Like Stephen's picture of most Irish, the milkwoman is impressed with Anglicized learning but wouldn't be impressed with the works of an Irish artist (such as Stephen hopes to be), even though artistic abilities are closer to Ireland's cultural bequest than scientific ones Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:23 view
13 He watched her pour Stephen sees the "uncivilized" milkwoman as personifying the Irish spirit, her very oldness and lack of breeding suggesting she is a "messenger" or otherwise supernatural Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:24 view
27 fox burying his grandmother under a hollybush The fox imagery references Stephen, who is cunning like a fox and has also recently buried his mother (not quite grandmother, as in the riddle). Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:12 view
11 I get paid Stephen has regular work teaching at a boy's school, as will be seen in Episode 2 (Nestor); Mulligan, a medical student, seems to get his money from his aunt Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:29 view
25 here do you begin Stephen ignores the students' request and moves on to their recitation lesson, asking for the line the students were supposed to begin from Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:17 view
9 Loyola founder of the Catholic Jesuit order; here, a symbol of rigid belief Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:33 view
24 figrolls sweet pastry containing figs Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:22 view
25 They knew The boys, despite their relative youth, have all had or know about sexual encounters. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:21 view
7 Cranly Cranly, like Mulligan, was once (in Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man) one of Stephen's best friends, but since fell out of favor after Stephen questions his integrity (a pattern with Stephen; like Mulligan, Cranly had counseled Stephen to complete an Easter ritual to please his mother even though Stephen is no longer sure he is a believer). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
4 his watcher Stephen Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 11:38 view
6 smokeblue note this change from "grey searching eyes"; Mulligan is mercurial, willing to change any part of himself to make the most gain Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:39 view
3 untonsured Tonsuring is the practice of shaving off the crown of a priest or monk's hair (e.g. to show humility and/or religious devotion) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:09 view
16 gulfstream an ocean current (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_Stream) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 15:18 view
4 saved men from drowning Mulligan's rescue of a drowning man will be discussed later in the novel; for all that Stephen feels morally superior to the British-toadying Mulligan, he recognizes he would not have been brave enough to save the man's life. I believe Mulligan's real-life counter-part Gogarty might have similarly piqued Joyce with heroics, though I need to track down a reference to this. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:42 view
21 Photo girl Milly (Bloom's daughter) is working as a photographer's assistant. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:38 view
177 whether Hamlet is Shakespeare Theories that Shakespeare was really some other known writer have been drifting around since the 1800s. Here he's jokingly extending those theories to apply to Hamlet as well. Amanda Visconti 2015-03-04 14:19 view
4 Hellenic Related to the ancient Greeks, around the time when their culture and learning most flourished Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:07 view
20 familiar a witch's animal companion Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:46 view
33 Rinderpest another type of cattle plague Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:17 view
18 the Muglins dangerous rocks in the waters Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:56 view
31 Croppies a derogatory name for Irish rebels against British rule, in reference to their cropped (short) hair Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:27 view
20 We feel in England Haines believes that English have historically treated the Irish wrongly, but is blind to the current effect Britain has on Ireland Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:12 view
31 fillibegs kilt Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 And going forth he met Butterly. Notice how this Christian reference sets up Mulligan to betray Stephen. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:19 view
29 Stuart coins Stuart refers to the family that ruled England during the 1600s. Despite the Stuart's Catholicism and Irish ancestry, the family brought grief to Ireland by the backlash against their Catholicism following their rule. The treasure of their wealth is ''base'', as it has been taken from the Irish people Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
28 Amor matris ''amor matris'' is Latin for ''a mother's love'' Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:07 view
13 Mabinogion The Mabinogion is a collection of old Welsh stories Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:26 view
26 his shadow the shadow of Jesus, who is ''him who walked the waves'' (walked on water) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:14 view
10 Liliata rutilantium Part of the Catholic liturgy for the dying, spoken at May's deathbed Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:30 view
25 Had Pyrrhus not fallen Stephen wonders what would have happened if significant moments history had ended differently. Had Pyrrhus not fallen, Greece might have remained a free country. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:18 view
8 jesuit strain Stephen retains the Jesuit love of logic and reason without the accompanying religion or affection Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:34 view
24 Asculum Site of Pyrrhus's ultimately disastrous (to Pyrrhus's cause) victory over the Romans Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:23 view
25 pier a dock or other walkway extending into water upon supports Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:21 view
7 oxy from Oxford College Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
6 secondleg As they're on their second owner's legs, not hands Amanda Visconti 2015-02-15 10:58 view
5 in a dream Stephen's recently deceased mother appears to Stephen in his dreams Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 Usurper Ulysses parallels the problem of Penelope's suitors in the Odyssey with a series of similarly morally-suspect "usurper"s: the British (usurping Ireland's culture), various men who have dubious relationships with Leopold Bloom's wife Molly (e.g. Hugh Boylan) and Mulligan (who subtly tries to break Stephen's determination to be a free-willed artist, and also ultimately usurps his home). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:31 view
16 play them as I do Mulligan is comfortable with playing to those with power; Stephen isn't. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 09:40 view
5 The aunt Mulligan's aunt, like Mulligan, is an Anglicized Irishwoman; she looks askance at the unkempt Stephen and his family Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:44 view
21 five fathoms unit of nautical measurement; five fathoms recalls Ariel's "full fathom five thy father lies" song in Shakespeare's The Tempest Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:40 view
35 couchant heraldic term for lying down (like a lion on a knight's shield) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:12 view
20 He wants that key The tower has only one key, which Stephen has kept so far (with his regular teaching job, he has been the one to pay the rent). He senses now the Mulligan will ask for the key, effectively usurping his home. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:46 view
684 ? The original printing of Ulysses on which this digital edition is based uses spaces between the ends of sentences and question marks in this episode. Amanda Visconti 2015-03-17 11:41 view
33 pluterperfect Deasy combines two terms related to past tenses, ''pluperfect'' and ''preterperfect'' Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:18 view
18 The Father and the Son idea An interpretation of Hamlet in which Hamlet and the murdered king correspond to Jesus and the Father image of God; both Hamlet and God's Father/Son relationship are paralleled in this book Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:01 view
31 papishes Catholics (from papacy, in reference to their allegiance to the Pope); an image of the Catholic-Protestant violence Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:28 view
18 a blithe broadly smiling face Mulligan hints at his bad side by mocking a serious theme of the book (the father/Son relationship will be paralleled in Bloom/Stephen) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:15 view
319 — But it’s no use, says he. Force, hatred, history, all that. That’s not life for men and women, insult and hatred. And everybody knows that it’s the very opposite of that that is really life.      — What? says Alf.      — Love, says Bloom. This is one of the moments that really endear Bloom to me. You see people making fun of him etc. all day, and he's quietly holding these very firm and optimistic opinions. Amanda Visconti 2015-06-26 17:08 view
31 Mulligan, nine pounds Stephen mentally lists all his debts (it is interesting that he lists himself as indebted to Mulligan, although Stephen has paid the rent for their tower and given Mulligan drinking money) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:31 view
16 Agenbite of inwit "Agenbite of inwit" is Middle English, translating to "prick of remorse". Stephen is referring sarcastically to those who bathe more often than he does --perhaps they are trying to whiten their unclean consciences? "Yet here's a spot" refers to Shakespeare's Macbeth, in which the crazed Lady Macbeth comes to believe that she cannot wash the blood of her murders off her hands. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:21 view
28 Give hands directions for the dancing of a morris Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:09 view
12 In nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti Latin Catholic blessing usually spoken while making the sign of the cross: "In the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit." Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:27 view
26 studious silence Stephen remembers his recent studies in Paris; he was called home from these by the nearing death of his mother Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:15 view
9 Where now? Stephen, who no longer is certain of an afterlife, wonders what has become of his dead mother. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:31 view
25 No-one here to hear Stephen considers that since no one who heard his joke was able to appreciate it, he should save it for a witticism during tonight's drinking with Mulligan and Haines. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:19 view
7 Matthew Arnold A popular Victorian poet; the gardener, though masked with the face of culture, is deaf to the violence going on among the nearby students Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:35 view
6 Caliban The wild native creature, a tragic fool-villain, from Shakespeare's The Tempest. In the prologue to The Picture of Dorian Gray, Oscar Wilde wrote, "The nineteenth-century dislike of realism is the rage of Caliban seeing his own face in a glass. The nineteenth-century dislike of romanticism is the rage of Caliban not seeing his own face in a glass." Mulligan uses the quotation to mock Stephen's obvious discomfort with difference between the image of himself that the mirror presents and his own idea of himself. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:38 view
3 Introibo ad altare Dei. With his morning shave, Mulligan begins a mockery of the mass that is sustained for much of the episode, complete with blessings and the shaving bowl as holy incense. This mockery is a subtle taunt to Stephen, who was extremely devout as a boy. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:07 view
12 valise suitcase Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 12:30 view
5 you killed your mother Stephen, who recently abandoned his previously devout Catholicism, refused to kneel down and pray with his dying mother May (a young Joyce had done the same). He is berated both by Mulligan and his conscience, visited by dreams and visions of a reproachful ghost Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 The Ship A tavern Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:34 view
19 ballad of Joking Jesu These lyrics are directly taken from a longer poem by Oliver St-John Gogarty, the real-life basis for Mulligan. You can read the whole poem at http://goo.gl/Leylio Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 12:27 view
3 Kinch Mulligan's nickname for Stephen, who he describes as a "knife-blade" (the OED defines a kinch as a type of knot and I've never been able to find the word defined as a knife, but for the purposes of the novel it makes the most sense to go with Mulligan's definition). This nickname, which alludes to the sharpness of Stephen's intellect, is used somewhat patronizingly–Mulligan recognizes that Stephen has greater intellectual powers than him and is passively-aggressively jealous, but is also aware that Stephen does not use his mind to as great a social advantage as Mulligan does. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:45 view
21 Zut! Nom de Dieu! mild French oaths ("Well, shoot! Name of God!") of amazement Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:43 view
34 sinned against the light Some modern-day Christians blamed modern-day Jews for the execution of Jesus Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:15 view
19 Olivet The Mount of Olives, at the foot of which is the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus spent the night of his betrayal Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:53 view
32 Where Cranly led me The race courses; Cranly is a friend from Stephen's younger days (and a character in Joyce's Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:25 view
23 smiling at wild Irish Stephen imagines that Haines condescends to him because he is an Irishman -- more of a curious freak than a genius. The text, though, shows nothing of Haines to suggest he is not sincere in his offer of friendship. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:04 view
31 orange ''Orange'' Irish were Protestants; the term comes from William of Orange (William III, of the house of Orange), a champion of Protestantism over Catholicism Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:29 view
17 Thomas Aquinas Doctor of the Catholic Church and subtle logician (Mulligan is referring to Stephen) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:17 view
30 Iago Mr. Deasy's line ironically comes from the villain of Othello. This makes him not a mentor, like his Odysseyan counterpart Nestor, but another usurper; like Mulligan and Cranly, his words tempt Stephen to abandon his personal integrity. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:32 view
14 Do you understand Haines, the English boarder, is trying out his Gaelic on the milkwoman, who not only does not speak Irish but isn't aware that is what he is speaking Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:22 view
14 Silk of the kine and poor old woman epithets for Ireland Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:24 view
28 Yet someone had loved him Stephen muses on the wonder of the love of mothers for their children, even children as weak and ill-favored as Sargent, as ''the only true thing in life''; he obviously has an uneasiness over his relationship to his deceased mother, whose last wish he slighted in order to feel free. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:10 view
11 A server of a servant By serving Mulligan in bringing his shaving bowl, since Mulligan is himself a servant to society's demands. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:28 view
25 swarthy having dark, olive-toned skin Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:16 view
9 And no more Mulligan is ironically singing the song Stephen mother asked him to sing for her on her deathbed. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:32 view
24 pier. a dock or other walkway extending into water upon supports Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:22 view
25 Edith, Ethel, Gerty, Lily Girls the boys know Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:20 view
7 only one that knows what you are Mulligan, for all his willingness to do anything for gain, is one of the few people who recognize that Stephen is intelligent and not insane or useless. However, Stephen cannot reconcile himself with Mulligan's willingness to serve up Ireland to make a dollar, and Mulligan knows Stephen sees this side of him and is angered. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
3 looked coldly Stephen and Mulligan are friends, yet there's a tension between them. Stephen is an aspiring writer, while Mulligan is a medical student who also writes (mostly humorous works, it seems; he's modeled on Joyce's acquaintance Oliver St. John Gogarty, an actual Irish poet). There's tension between the two over their acceptance into Dublin's literary circle, in part because Stephen sees Mulligan as betraying Ireland by playing to what the English want. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 11:37 view
6 Dottyville nickname for an insane asylum Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:38 view
3 Christine A jokingly female version of Christ Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:09 view
15 visit your national library See the Scylla and Charybdis episode Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 13:29 view
5 great sweet mother From a Swinburne poem: "I will go back to the great sweet mother, / Mother and lover of men, the sea" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:41 view
22 Uebermensch Nietzsche's "Superman" or ideal for all humanity Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:37 view
4 dactyls Words consisting of one long (or accented) syllable followed by two short (or unaccented) syllables, such as MUL-li-gan Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:07 view
21 The void awaits Hell awaits all who try to bend religion's truth with strange logic. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:45 view
33 England Note how Deasy considers Ireland just a part of England. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:17 view
18 My mother's a jew, my father's a bird Jesus's mother Mary; the dove form of the Holy Spirit Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:55 view
31 Per vias rectas Latin for ''by the righteous paths'' Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:27 view
22 Seymour a friend of Mulligan's, mentioned earlier when Mulligan offered to rag Haines for bothering Stephen Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:06 view
3 he Mulligan Amanda Visconti 2015-06-14 15:49 view
31 Albert Edward King Edward VII's official title while his mother, the long-lived Queen Victoria, held the throne. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 ashplant a walking-stick Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:18 view
30 sovereign unit of British money Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
29 gaitered wearing gaiters, an accessory that protected the ankles, and sometimes the shins, from mud Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
13 the Upanishads The Upanishads are Hindu writings Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:25 view
27 Hockey Field (not ice) hockey Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:13 view
11 your symbol of Irish art Mulligan has offered up the "cracked looking glass of a servant" image Stephen created earlier to Haines in hope of cadging a few coins for a drink; he is willing to sell off Stephen's art (and by extension, all Ireland) to the English for gain, if Stephen won't do it himself, but feigns shock when Stephen later facetiously asks Haines if he can make any money off his wit Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:29 view
25 beldam old woman, crone Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:17 view
8 hired mute a person hired to appear as a mourner at a funeral (Lalouette's is assumedly a funeral parlor) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:33 view
24 That phrase ''Another victory like that and we are done for''; Stephen imagines the sentence being spoken. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:23 view
25 mirthless but with meaning Though they might not enjoy the joke, the boys do enjoy being able to laugh condescendingly at their teacher Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:21 view
7 tin money/fortune Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
6 breeks breeches (pants) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-15 10:57 view
6 I can't wear them Despite his refusal to pray with his dying mother, Stephen is observing the social custom of displaying one's mourning by wearing only black clothing Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:39 view
3 grained and hued like pale oak Harry Blamires' The New Bloomsday Book suggests this is an allusion to the Trojan Horse meant to clue us to Mulligan's duplicitous nature. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-30 17:37 view
16 blow him out Mulligan says he's been singing Stephen's praises to Haines. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 09:22 view
4 a black panther Haines' dream foreshadows the arrival of main character Leopold Bloom in the story; Bloom, a Jewish Dubliner, social misfit, and outcast from his own home, is often described as a sort of "dark horse" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:43 view
21 the Bannons A family name Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:39 view
4 Saxon Antiquated term for an English person (England was populated by Saxons before the William of Normandy introduced the French) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:07 view
20 They Haines and Mulligan on their way home Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:46 view
72 Love's                                        Old                                        Sweet                                        Song                                        Comes lo-ve’s old... Centered text (e.g. lyrics) throughout the book should be centered but with left-alignment within centering, like this. The Modenist Versions Project doesn't include this typographical choice, so I'll be manually fixing these as I progress through the book (see the news section on the front page to know which chapters have been fixed.) Amanda Visconti 2015-03-17 11:39 view
33 Cassandra A princess of Troy before its downfall. Apollo loved her and made her a seer; when his love was not returned, he cursed her so that her predictions would be accurate but always unheeded (for example, her prediction of Troy's sacking). Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:17 view
18 He himself Haines confused as to whether Hamlet or Stephen is referred to as the ghost of his own father Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:58 view
31 black north the north of Ireland was notorious for its religious and native Irish vs. British violence (thus, ''black'') Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:28 view
20 the servant of two masters the English master is England's pernicious influence on Ireland ("The imperial British state"); the Italian master is the Catholic Church and Pope, jealous of modern independent thought, demanding "kneel down before me" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:13 view
31 lump the cash Stephen has on hand Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 Latin quarter hat Stephen wears an unfashionable hat, possibly obtained while studying in the student area of Paris Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:19 view
28 mien appearance/countenance /complexion Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:07 view
12 When I makes tea I makes tea A humorous Irish folkloric figure, possibly created by Mulligan, but presented to Haines half-mockingly as valid cultural material for his book. Mulligan couches vulgar anecdotes as Irish folklore, subtly mocking Ireland's ability to produce any nobel or heroic mythology. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:26 view
26 Turn over Stephen knows the boy is sneaking glances at the text he was supposed to have memorized, and allows him to turn the page when he needs to; the boy pretends to not know what Stephen is talking about Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:15 view
10 blood of squashed lice Stephen transitions from imagining May's pleasant childhood memories to the hardships she faced as a mother of many children living in poverty (Stephen's father, while charismatic and popular, is a drinker and not a consistent breadwinner) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:30 view
25 What then Repeating his witticism for Haines and Mulligan would only make Stephen into a jester or servant, offering up his mind in return for a little laughter. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:18 view
8 the Mater and Richmond Irish hospitals (Mulligan is a medical student) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:34 view
24 Cochrane One of Stephen's students (the setting has changed to the day school where Stephen teaches) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:24 view
7 a symbol of Irish art Stephen sees Irish art is an attempt to mirror the real, marred by the Irish artist's toadying to the British ideal of art. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:37 view
5 mummer a low actor, such as might perform at a parade or carnival Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 Home also I cannot go. Stephen has about had it with Mulligan, and does not feel he could return to the tower to sleep (there is also the problem of no longer having the key); "home", now referring to the place his immediate family lives, is also not an option -- the family has broken up after May's death, and there is possibly some anger there over Stephen's refusal to pray for her. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:33 view
18 Elsinore. That beetles o'er his base into the sea Description of the main setting of Shakespeare's play Hamlet, the castle Elsinore. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 12:09 view
3 preacher's tone Mulligan continues to mock the mass Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:44 view
21 Bullock harbour a harbor southeast of Dublin Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:41 view
37 Ineluctable Unescapable Amanda Visconti 2015-03-05 09:41 view
34 Who has not? i.e. Who has not sinned in some way? Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:14 view
19 Mercury's hat The description of Mulligan's hat as Mercury's points both to the fleetness of his capering, but also to his willingness to behave mercurially (i.e. changefully) in order to remain in control of situations Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:51 view
33 Foot and mouth disease a plague affecting cattle and other animals Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:19 view
23 Liliata rutilantium.Turma circumdet.Jubilantium te virginum. Part of the Catholic liturgy for the dying, spoken at the deathbed of May, Stephen's mother Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:04 view
31 fenians members of organizations focusing on freeing Ireland from British rule Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:29 view
18 The seas' ruler Haines is English, and at that time Great Britain's impressive fleet had virtual sovereignty of the seas Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:16 view
30 The seas' ruler an epithet used earlier on Haines, referring to the British imperialist control of the seas Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:32 view
15 stony Mulligan is "as dry as stone" and needs a drink Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:21 view
28 morrice Like ''morris'', a medieval, slow country dance remotely like American square dancing Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:09 view
11 barbacans castle towers (often spelled barbicans) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:28 view
26 Weep no more Lines from a Milton poem Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:15 view
9 Fergus' song the Yeats song Mulligan was singing Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:31 view
25 a disappointed bridge disappointed in that doesn't cross any water Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:19 view
7 Magdalen Magdalen College, part of the University of Oxford Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:35 view
3 Stephen Dedalus Stephen Dedalus was the central character in an earlier book by James Joyce (his first novel, actually!), A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. In Portrait, Stephen follows a close parallel to Joyce's own youth. In Ulysses, Stephen still represents Joyce's youth, but it feels like Joyce has matured and distanced himself from Stephen since the previous novel and is now able treat the character more critically. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 11:29 view
6 skivvy servant/maid Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:38 view
3 made rapid crosses Mulligan continues to mock the Mass by making the sign of the cross (a Catholic hand gesture) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:08 view
12 Sandycove A seaside area of Dublin Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 12:32 view
5 Thalatta Greek for "the sea" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
22 up the pole Pregnant Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:36 view
4 a black panther I don't think that the two exactly map; Bloom is alluded to with a variety of metaphors that suggest what a dark horse is (unexpected winner, no one bets on him) as well as an outsider or shadow (metaphors for darkness, dwelling on the outskirts of things). Amanda Visconti 2015-03-02 14:12 view
4 prelate Person of high rank and influence within the church, such as a bishop Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:45 view
21 Hear, hear. Prolonged applause Coming out of his revery, Stephen imagines fake applause. As a would-be poet, he is ever aware that despite the intelligence that lets him have such interior monologues, he has produced no great work to share with others) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:44 view
33 The harlot's cry from street to streetShall weave old England's winding sheet. from William Blake's ''Auguries of Innocence'' Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:16 view
19 when I'm making the wine the miracle at Cana, when Jesus turned water into wine for wedding guests Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:53 view
32 princely presence refers to the portrait of Albert Edward, not Mr. Deasy Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:26 view
22 key Mulligan succeeds in getting the key from Stephen, effectively shutting him out of his home. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:05 view
31 O'Connell Daniel O'Connell, an Irish political leader from roughly a century before the time of the story; he was a champion of Irish Catholics and worked for them to be admitted to the British Parliament Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:29 view
17 Billy Pitt Many towers like Stephen's were built around the coasts of Great Britain during the Napoleonic wars. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:17 view
30 shillings, sixpences, halfcrowns units of British money Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
14 me she slights Like Stephen's picture of most Irish, the milkwoman is impressed with Anglicized learning but wouldn't be impressed with the works of an Irish artist (such as Stephen hopes to be), even though artistic abilities are closer to Ireland's cultural bequest than scientific ones Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:23 view
13 He watched her pour Stephen sees the "uncivilized" milkwoman as personifying the Irish spirit, her very oldness and lack of breeding suggesting she is a "messenger" or otherwise supernatural Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:24 view
27 Futility Stephen recognizes the futility of the weak student's attempt to learn. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:11 view
11 I get paid Stephen has regular work teaching at a boy's school, as will be seen in Episode 2 (Nestor); Mulligan, a medical student, seems to get his money from his aunt Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:29 view
25 here do you begin Stephen ignores the students' request and moves on to their recitation lesson, asking for the line the students were supposed to begin from Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:17 view
9 Sassenach Scottish vernacular for an Englishman Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:32 view
24 figrolls sweet pastry containing figs Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:22 view
25 They knew The boys, despite their relative youth, have all had or know about sexual encounters. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:21 view
7 Cranly Cranly, like Mulligan, was once (in Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man) one of Stephen's best friends, but since fell out of favor after Stephen questions his integrity (a pattern with Stephen; like Mulligan, Cranly had counseled Stephen to complete an Easter ritual to please his mother even though Stephen is no longer sure he is a believer). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
4 his watcher Stephen Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 11:38 view
6 smokeblue note this change from "grey searching eyes"; Mulligan is mercurial, willing to change any part of himself to make the most gain Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:39 view
3 untonsured Tonsuring is the practice of shaving off the crown of a priest or monk's hair (e.g. to show humility and/or religious devotion) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:09 view
16 gulfstream an ocean current (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_Stream) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 15:18 view
5 Algy Algernon Charles Swinburne, a controversial Victorian poet Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:41 view
21 Photo girl Milly (Bloom's daughter) is working as a photographer's assistant. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:38 view
4 Hellenic Related to the ancient Greeks, around the time when their culture and learning most flourished Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:07 view
21 terrene earthly Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:45 view
33 Rinderpest another type of cattle plague Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:17 view
18 the Muglins dangerous rocks in the waters Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:56 view
31 spindle side maternally Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:27 view
20 We feel in England Haines believes that English have historically treated the Irish wrongly, but is blind to the current effect Britain has on Ireland Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:12 view
31 fillibegs kilt Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 And going forth he met Butterly Mulligan plays with sound, mimicking the description of Peter after he betrays Jesus three times ("And going forth, he wept bitterly".) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:18 view
29 Stuart coins Stuart refers to the family that ruled England during the 1600s. Despite the Stuart's Catholicism and Irish ancestry, the family brought grief to Ireland by the backlash against their Catholicism following their rule. The treasure of their wealth is ''base'', as it has been taken from the Irish people Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
28 Amor matris ''amor matris'' is Latin for ''a mother's love'' Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:07 view
13 Mabinogion The Mabinogion is a collection of old Welsh stories Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:26 view
26 To Caesar what is Caesar's "Render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:21), Jesus's recommended method for dealing with secular and divine authorities Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:14 view
10 Liliata rutilantium Part of the Catholic liturgy for the dying, spoken at May's deathbed Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:30 view
25 Had Pyrrhus not fallen Stephen wonders what would have happened if significant moments history had ended differently. Had Pyrrhus not fallen, Greece might have remained a free country. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:18 view
8 Her cerebral lobes are not functioning Mulligan imagines an old woman gradually losing her mental abilities, trying to show Stephen that one should humor the dying. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:34 view
24 Asculum Site of Pyrrhus's ultimately disastrous (to Pyrrhus's cause) victory over the Romans Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:23 view
25 pier a dock or other walkway extending into water upon supports Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:21 view
7 oxy from Oxford College Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
6 secondleg As they're on their second owner's legs, not hands Amanda Visconti 2015-02-15 10:58 view
5 in a dream Stephen's recently deceased mother appears to Stephen in his dreams Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 Usurper Ulysses parallels the problem of Penelope's suitors in the Odyssey with a series of similarly morally-suspect "usurper"s: the British (usurping Ireland's culture), various men who have dubious relationships with Leopold Bloom's wife Molly (e.g. Hugh Boylan) and Mulligan (who subtly tries to break Stephen's determination to be a free-willed artist, and also ultimately usurps his home). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:31 view
16 play them as I do Mulligan is comfortable with playing to those with power; Stephen isn't. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 09:40 view
4 Haines Haines is an Englishman from Oxford who is boarding in the tower with Stephen and Mulligan, apparently with the goal of researching Irish folk tradition. The previous evening he had a nightmare involving shooting a black panther; the dream disturbed Stephen, who feared Haines would try to shoot his gun while half-awake. This story parallels a story from Joyce's own life (see Ellmann's biography of Joyce for details). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:43 view
21 five fathoms unit of nautical measurement; five fathoms recalls Ariel's "full fathom five thy father lies" song in Shakespeare's The Tempest Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:40 view
35 couchant heraldic term for lying down (like a lion on a knight's shield) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:12 view
20 ferrule a protective cap around the end of Stephen's walking stick Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:46 view
684 ? The original printing of Ulysses on which this digital edition is based uses spaces between the ends of sentences and question marks in this episode. Amanda Visconti 2015-03-17 11:41 view
33 pluterperfect Deasy combines two terms related to past tenses, ''pluperfect'' and ''preterperfect'' Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:18 view
18 The Father and the Son idea An interpretation of Hamlet in which Hamlet and the murdered king correspond to Jesus and the Father image of God; both Hamlet and God's Father/Son relationship are paralleled in this book Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:01 view
31 planters covenant many of the pro-British Protestants were well-off planters, so this probably refers to some anti-Catholic resolution Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:28 view
18 a blithe broadly smiling face Mulligan hints at his bad side by mocking a serious theme of the book (the father/Son relationship will be paralleled in Bloom/Stephen) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:15 view
319 — But it’s no use, says he. Force, hatred, history, all that. That’s not life for men and women, insult and hatred. And everybody knows that it’s the very opposite of that that is really life.      — What? says Alf.      — Love, says Bloom. This is one of the moments that really endear Bloom to me. You see people making fun of him etc. all day, and he's quietly holding these very firm and optimistic opinions. Amanda Visconti 2015-06-26 17:08 view
31 Mulligan, nine pounds Stephen mentally lists all his debts (it is interesting that he lists himself as indebted to Mulligan, although Stephen has paid the rent for their tower and given Mulligan drinking money) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:31 view
16 Would I make money by it Stephen, who is poor but feels that his art is above being traded for money from the English, voices what Mulligan is probably thinking (Mulligan sees his abilities -- and by extension, the abilities of the Irish -- as fungible goods to be traded for benefits form the English) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:20 view
28 Give hands directions for the dancing of a morris Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:09 view
12 In nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti Latin Catholic blessing usually spoken while making the sign of the cross: "In the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit." Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:27 view
26 candescent glowing (incandescent) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:15 view
9 Where now? Stephen, who no longer is certain of an afterlife, wonders what has become of his dead mother. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:31 view
25 No-one here to hear Stephen considers that since no one who heard his joke was able to appreciate it, he should save it for a witticism during tonight's drinking with Mulligan and Haines. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:19 view
7 To ourselves... new paganism... omphalos. Stephen moves from thoughts of Matthew Arnold's writings to the idea of of the omphalos, or navel (Martello Tower is referred to as the omphalos). Disturbed by the image of violence, Stephen is moved to forgive Haines. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:34 view
6 Caliban The wild native creature, a tragic fool-villain, from Shakespeare's The Tempest. In the prologue to The Picture of Dorian Gray, Oscar Wilde wrote, "The nineteenth-century dislike of realism is the rage of Caliban seeing his own face in a glass. The nineteenth-century dislike of romanticism is the rage of Caliban not seeing his own face in a glass." Mulligan uses the quotation to mock Stephen's obvious discomfort with difference between the image of himself that the mirror presents and his own idea of himself. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:38 view
3 Introibo ad altare Dei A line spoken by a priest during a Latin Catholic mass, meaning "I will go to the altar of God". Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:07 view
11 tall figure Haines, the lodger who Stephen and Mulligan discussed earlier Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 12:25 view
5 you killed your mother Stephen, who recently abandoned his previously devout Catholicism, refused to kneel down and pray with his dying mother May (a young Joyce had done the same). He is berated both by Mulligan and his conscience, visited by dreams and visions of a reproachful ghost Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 The Ship A tavern Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:34 view
19 ballad of Joking Jesu These lyrics are directly taken from a longer poem by Oliver St-John Gogarty, the real-life basis for Mulligan. You can read the whole poem at http://goo.gl/Leylio Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 12:27 view
3 Jesuit A Catholic order that organized many schools in Ireland. The Jesuits were characterized as skilled equivocators, using craftiness to answer unanswerable religious questions and also protecting the order during the time it was suppressed by the Pope. Stephen has been taught by Jesuits; Mulligan fears his subtle intellect, which often allows him to provide answers through roundabout logic (see his discussion of Hamlet, mentioned later in this episode and explored more fully in the episode Scylla and Charybdis). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:44 view
21 Zut! Nom de Dieu! mild French oaths ("Well, shoot! Name of God!") of amazement Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:43 view
34 sinned against the light Some modern-day Christians blamed modern-day Jews for the execution of Jesus Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:15 view
19 a smooth silver case in which twinkled a green stone a little metaphor: Haines, the Englishman, offers Stephen an image of Ireland (the emerald) as a decoration in England's pocket Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:52 view
32 Where Cranly led me The race courses; Cranly is a friend from Stephen's younger days (and a character in Joyce's Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:25 view
23 smiling at wild Irish Stephen imagines that Haines condescends to him because he is an Irishman -- more of a curious freak than a genius. The text, though, shows nothing of Haines to suggest he is not sincere in his offer of friendship. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:04 view
31 demagogue a leader who inspires cultish devotion among their followers Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:29 view
17 Thomas Aquinas Doctor of the Catholic Church and subtle logician (Mulligan is referring to Stephen) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:17 view
30 Iago Mr. Deasy's line ironically comes from the villain of Othello. This makes him not a mentor, like his Odysseyan counterpart Nestor, but another usurper; like Mulligan and Cranly, his words tempt Stephen to abandon his personal integrity. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:32 view
14 the loud voice Haines tries some of his Irish out on the old woman, who doesn't speak Irish Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:21 view
14 To serve or to upbraid Seeing the milkwoman as a mythic Kathleen-Ni-Houlihan figure protecting Ireland, Stephen wonders whether she is there to help him in his fight against British tyranny, or to chasten him for failing Ireland. Though initially soothed by the site of a "real" (i.e. not Anglicized) Irish milkwoman, he quickly sees in her the faults he sees in all the modern Irish: ignorance of national history (she doesn't speak or even recognize Gaelic) and quickness to be impressed with foreign learning and cultivation (e.g. Mulligan's status as a medical student). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:23 view
28 Yet someone had loved him Stephen muses on the wonder of the love of mothers for their children, even children as weak and ill-favored as Sargent, as ''the only true thing in life''; he obviously has an uneasiness over his relationship to his deceased mother, whose last wish he slighted in order to feel free. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:10 view
11 A server of a servant By serving Mulligan in bringing his shaving bowl, since Mulligan is himself a servant to society's demands. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:28 view
25 breastwork fortification Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:16 view
9 And no more Mulligan is ironically singing the song Stephen mother asked him to sing for her on her deathbed. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:32 view
24 Pyrrhus, a pier Armstrong, not knowing the answer, jokes by declining the word as if it were a Latin noun. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:22 view
25 Edith, Ethel, Gerty, Lily Girls the boys know Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:20 view
7 ragging Stephen imagines a schoolboy being humiliated by his fellow classmates, a story he has probably heard from Mulligan before. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:35 view
3 Dedalus Stephen's last name is similar to Daedalus, the architect of the minotaur's labyrinth in Greek myth. Ovid tells a story in which Daedalus is imprisoned by the king to prevent him from sharing the secrets of his labyrinth with anyone else. To escape, Daedalus fashions wings out of feathers and wax for himself and his son Icarus. During their escape flight Icarus becomes too excited about flying and soars high nearer the sun, which melts the wax in his wings and causes him to fall to his death. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 11:33 view
6 Dottyville nickname for an insane asylum Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:38 view
3 Spoken lines are indicated with an em dash Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:08 view
13 He watched her pour The following passage are Stephen's thoughts as he watches the milkwoman—note how his mind turns to historical and literary references Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 12:48 view
5 great sweet mother From a Swinburne poem: "I will go back to the great sweet mother, / Mother and lover of men, the sea" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:41 view
22 Uebermensch Nietzsche's "Superman" or ideal for all humanity Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:37 view
4 Your absurd name Stephen's last name, Dedalus, is an unusual name for an Irish person. The name comes from the mythical Greek Daedalus, the great inventor who created the labyrinth for King Minos and escaped from Crete using wings he made from birds' feathers; Daedalus' son, Icarus, was given a similar set of wings for escaping, but flew so near the sun that the wings disintegrated and he drowned. Daedalus is often used as a symbol of the rational, unemotive, scientific mind, while Icarus represents the unrestrained artist; Stephen bears far more resemblance to the latter Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:06 view
21 The void awaits Hell awaits all who try to bend religion's truth with strange logic. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:45 view
33 England Note how Deasy considers Ireland just a part of England. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:17 view
18 Joseph the joiner In Christianity, Mary's husband Joseph is a carpenter Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:54 view
31 Per vias rectas Latin for ''by the righteous paths'' Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:27 view
22 Seymour a friend of Mulligan's, mentioned earlier when Mulligan offered to rag Haines for bothering Stephen Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:06 view
3 he Mulligan Amanda Visconti 2015-06-14 15:49 view
31 tory a conservative Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 ashplant a walking-stick Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:18 view
30 sovereign unit of British money Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
29 gaitered wearing gaiters, an accessory that protected the ankles, and sometimes the shins, from mud Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
13 collector of prepuces Mulligan continues to speak in an elevated anthropological style, mocking the milkwoman's simplicity and religion. Collector of prepuces: A reference to the Old Testament God's law that Jewish men be circumcised. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:25 view
27 Hockey Field (not ice) hockey Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:13 view
11 your symbol of Irish art Mulligan has offered up the "cracked looking glass of a servant" image Stephen created earlier to Haines in hope of cadging a few coins for a drink; he is willing to sell off Stephen's art (and by extension, all Ireland) to the English for gain, if Stephen won't do it himself, but feigns shock when Stephen later facetiously asks Haines if he can make any money off his wit Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:29 view
25 infinite possibilities all the other events in history that didn't occur because another event did; Stephen wonders if it's even worth thinking of these alternate realities as existing, since they never came to pass Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:17 view
8 hired mute a person hired to appear as a mourner at a funeral (Lalouette's is assumedly a funeral parlor) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:33 view
24 Pyrrhus The term ''Pyrrhic victory'' is named after him, as many of his battles were won only through heavy losses that were ultimately disastrous (''Another victory like that and we are done for''). Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:23 view
25 mirthless but with meaning Though they might not enjoy the joke, the boys do enjoy being able to laugh condescendingly at their teacher Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:21 view
7 Hellenise make into something appreciative of and producing arts and culture similar to that of Golden Age Greece Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
37 maestro di color che sanno Could someone translate this and tag it with the name of the language (Italian?) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 13:18 view
6 I can't wear them Despite his refusal to pray with his dying mother, Stephen is observing the social custom of displaying one's mourning by wearing only black clothing Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:39 view
3 Chrysostomos Reference to Saint John Chrysostom, nicknamed "the golden-mouthed" for his speaking ability; Stephen links Mulligan's glibness to his gold-capped teeth Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:09 view
16 Yet here's a spot A reference to a scene in the Shakespeare play Macbeth, where Lady Macbeth has gone mad from guilt and obsessively washes her hands. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 15:34 view
4 a black panther Haines' dream foreshadows the arrival of main character Leopold Bloom in the story; Bloom, a Jewish Dubliner, social misfit, and outcast from his own home, is often described as a sort of "dark horse" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:43 view
21 the Bannons A family name Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:39 view
4 jesuit youthful, lacking knowledge or experience Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:07 view
20 They Haines and Mulligan on their way home Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:46 view
33 Cassandra A princess of Troy before its downfall. Apollo loved her and made her a seer; when his love was not returned, he cursed her so that her predictions would be accurate but always unheeded (for example, her prediction of Troy's sacking). Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:17 view
18 He proves by algebra that Hamlet's grandson is Shakespeare's grandfather and that he himself is the ghost of his own father Mulligan sarcastically makes a muddle of Stephen's Hamlet theory, making Haines confused as to whether Hamlet or Stephen is referred to as the ghost of his own father. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:57 view
31 black north the north of Ireland was notorious for its religious and native Irish vs. British violence (thus, ''black'') Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:28 view
20 the servant of two masters the English master is England's pernicious influence on Ireland ("The imperial British state"); the Italian master is the Catholic Church and Pope, jealous of modern independent thought, demanding "kneel down before me" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:13 view
31 tartan plaid Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 Latin quarter hat Stephen wears an unfashionable hat, possibly obtained while studying in the student area of Paris Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:19 view
28 mien appearance/countenance /complexion Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:07 view
13 That's folk Haines is apparently in Ireland to collect folk tales or culture for a book. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:26 view
26 Turn over Stephen knows the boy is sneaking glances at the text he was supposed to have memorized, and allows him to turn the page when he needs to; the boy pretends to not know what Stephen is talking about Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:15 view
10 blood of squashed lice Stephen transitions from imagining May's pleasant childhood memories to the hardships she faced as a mother of many children living in poverty (Stephen's father, while charismatic and popular, is a drinker and not a consistent breadwinner) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:30 view
25 chosen all that part Stephen feels that all the Irish have taken on the role of jesters or servants to others, perhaps because their land had been so long run under by foreign people. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:18 view
8 the Mater and Richmond Irish hospitals (Mulligan is a medical student) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:34 view
24 what city Stephen is in the middle of quizzing the boys on ancient history, specifically a battle of the Greek Pyrrhus Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:23 view
7 He fears the lancet of my art Stephen, the unhygienic, is superstitiously fearful of modern medicine (he is also afraid of thunder--ironic, given his apostasy-- and dogs). Mulligan fears Stephen's superior wit, and thus keeps his jealousy and dislike hidden. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:37 view
11 sovereigns a unit of money Amanda Visconti 2015-02-16 19:58 view
5 mummer a low actor, such as might perform at a parade or carnival Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 Home also I cannot go See Ellmann's biography of Joyce for parallels to Joyce's exit from the Martello tower. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:32 view
17 omphalos "Navel" in Greek. In Greek myth, the omphalos was the center of the world as determined by Zeus sending two birds to fly in separate directions until they met again. The word can also mean a place that feels like the center of the universe because of its power. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 10:05 view
3 preacher's tone Mulligan continues to mock the mass Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:44 view
21 Bullock harbour a harbor southeast of Dublin Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:41 view
37 Ineluctable Unescapable Amanda Visconti 2015-03-05 09:41 view
35 Telegraph. Irish Homestead two Dublin papers with which Stephen has connections Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:13 view
19 Mercury's hat The description of Mulligan's hat as Mercury's points both to the fleetness of his capering, but also to his willingness to behave mercurially (i.e. changefully) in order to remain in control of situations Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:51 view
72 Love's                                        Old                                        Sweet                                        Song                                        Comes lo-ve’s old... The centering with left-alignment, and lines not followed by periods here are from the first printing of the novel, viewable at http://goo.gl/P0uKtj Amanda Visconti 2015-03-17 11:43 view
33 Foot and mouth disease a plague affecting cattle and other animals Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:19 view
23 A voice Mulligan's, whose voice is "sweettoned": he's able to be "golden-mouthed" or honey-tongued when he wishes Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:02 view
31 fenians members of organizations focusing on freeing Ireland from British rule Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:29 view
18 The seas' ruler Haines is English, and at that time Great Britain's impressive fleet had virtual sovereignty of the seas Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:16 view
31 Good man Stephen ironically mentally congratulates Deasy's choice of maxims Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:31 view
15 stony Mulligan is "as dry as stone" and needs a drink Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:21 view
28 morrice Like ''morris'', a medieval, slow country dance remotely like American square dancing Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:09 view
12 What sort of a kip is this Mulligan is peeved that the milkwoman has not appeared at the appointed time. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:27 view
26 Weep no more Lines from a Milton poem Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:15 view
9 Fergus' song the Yeats song Mulligan was singing Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:31 view
25 For Haines's chapbook Stephen remarks that his joke on Kingstown Pier would probably please Haines enough to record, as with his earlier words on the cracked mirror as ''the symbol of Irish art''. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:19 view
7 Magdalen Magdalen College, part of the University of Oxford Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:35 view
3 Stephen Dedalus Stephen Dedalus was the central character in an earlier book by James Joyce (his first novel, actually!), A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. In Portrait, Stephen follows a close parallel to Joyce's own youth. In Ulysses, Stephen still represents Joyce's youth, but it feels like Joyce has matured and distanced himself from Stephen since the previous novel and is now able treat the character more critically. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 11:29 view
6 Ursula Ursula is also the name of a saint, renowned for her chastity; Mulligan implies that she is chaste because she is so plain-looking. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:38 view
3 made rapid crosses Mulligan continues to mock the Mass by making the sign of the cross (a Catholic hand gesture) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:08 view
12 Sandycove A seaside area of Dublin Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 12:32 view
5 Thalatta Greek for "the sea" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 Horn of a bull, hoof of a horse, smile of a Saxon. Stephen thinks his own version of a saying for three things a person should never trust. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:35 view
4 a black panther I don't think that the two exactly map; Bloom is alluded to with a variety of metaphors that suggest what a dark horse is (unexpected winner, no one bets on him) as well as an outsider or shadow (metaphors for darkness, dwelling on the outskirts of things). Amanda Visconti 2015-03-02 14:12 view
4 prelate Person of high rank and influence within the church, such as a bishop Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:45 view
21 Hear, hear. Prolonged applause Coming out of his revery, Stephen imagines fake applause. As a would-be poet, he is ever aware that despite the intelligence that lets him have such interior monologues, he has produced no great work to share with others) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:44 view
34 merchant Stephen gently suggests that the hatred of unscrupulous merchants should be directed against the merchants themselves, not against a race Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:15 view
19 when I'm making the wine the miracle at Cana, when Jesus turned water into wine for wedding guests Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:53 view
32 princely presence refers to the portrait of Albert Edward, not Mr. Deasy Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:26 view
22 Zarathustra An ancient religious poet; Thus Spake Zarathustra is the name of a late-19th-century book by Nietzsche Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:05 view
31 O'Connell Daniel O'Connell, an Irish political leader from roughly a century before the time of the story; he was a champion of Irish Catholics and worked for them to be admitted to the British Parliament Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:29 view
17 Billy Pitt Many towers like Stephen's were built around the coasts of Great Britain during the Napoleonic wars. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:17 view
30 Three nooses Again, Stephen is conscious of being a servant; the three nooses are the three times he has accepted money for his work as a teacher Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:32 view
14 me she slights Like Stephen's picture of most Irish, the milkwoman is impressed with Anglicized learning but wouldn't be impressed with the works of an Irish artist (such as Stephen hopes to be), even though artistic abilities are closer to Ireland's cultural bequest than scientific ones Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:23 view
13 He watched her pour Stephen sees the "uncivilized" milkwoman as personifying the Irish spirit, her very oldness and lack of breeding suggesting she is a "messenger" or otherwise supernatural Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:24 view
27 Futility Stephen recognizes the futility of the weak student's attempt to learn. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:11 view
11 Clongowes A Jesuit boarding school attended by a young Stephen; the scene of Stephen's most devout Catholicism. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:28 view
25 here do you begin Stephen ignores the students' request and moves on to their recitation lesson, asking for the line the students were supposed to begin from Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:17 view
9 Sassenach Scottish vernacular for an Englishman Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:32 view
24 figrolls sweet pastry containing figs Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:22 view
25 Edith, Ethel, Gerty, Lily. Gerty possibly refers to the Gerty who is the focus of the ''Nausicaa'' episode later in the book. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:20 view
7 Cranly Cranly, like Mulligan, was once (in Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man) one of Stephen's best friends, but since fell out of favor after Stephen questions his integrity (a pattern with Stephen; like Mulligan, Cranly had counseled Stephen to complete an Easter ritual to please his mother even though Stephen is no longer sure he is a believer). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
4 his watcher Stephen Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 11:38 view
6 g. p. i. short for "general paralysis of the insane," the old term for schizophrenia; Stephen's descent from prize-winning, hyper-devout student to unwashed artist who refused to pray for his dying mother suggests a mental instability to people who observe him Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:39 view
3 untonsured Tonsuring is the practice of shaving off the crown of a priest or monk's hair (e.g. to show humility and/or religious devotion) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:09 view
16 gulfstream an ocean current (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_Stream) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 15:18 view
5 Algy Algernon Charles Swinburne, a controversial Victorian poet Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:41 view
21 a sweet young thing Bannon's female find happens to be the young Milly Bloom, daughter of not-yet-introduced protagonist Leopold Bloom Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:38 view
4 Hellenic Related to the ancient Greeks, around the time when their culture and learning most flourished Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:07 view
21 terrene earthly Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:45 view
33 embargo a ban on shipping or commerce Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:17 view
18 the Muglins dangerous rocks in the waters Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:56 view
31 spindle side maternally Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:27 view
20 et unam sanctam catholicam et apostolicam ecclesiam Latin: "The one, holy, universal and apostolic Church" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:12 view
31 fillibegs kilt Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 And going forth he met Butterly Mulligan plays with sound, mimicking the description of Peter after he betrays Jesus three times ("And going forth, he wept bitterly".) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:18 view
30 emir a noble in a Middle Eastern country Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
28 subjective and objective genitive subjective and objective genitive are the declensions of the Latin nouns (declensions are to nouns sort of what conjugations are to verbs; the declension of a noun indicates how it is being used in a sentence) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:06 view
13 Mabinogion The Mabinogion is a collection of old Welsh stories Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:26 view
26 To Caesar what is Caesar's "Render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:21), Jesus's recommended method for dealing with secular and divine authorities Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:14 view
10 No, mother Stephen revolts against the image of his reproachful mother, whose guilt threatens Stephen's sense of independence from the stultifying confines of religion and Irish tradition. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:29 view
25 Had Pyrrhus not fallen Stephen wonders what would have happened if significant moments history had ended differently. Had Pyrrhus not fallen, Greece might have remained a free country. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:18 view
8 Her cerebral lobes are not functioning Mulligan imagines an old woman gradually losing her mental abilities, trying to show Stephen that one should humor the dying. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:34 view
24 Asculum Site of Pyrrhus's ultimately disastrous (to Pyrrhus's cause) victory over the Romans Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:23 view
25 Kingstown pier From the boys' laughter, obviously a popular place for spooning with girls. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:21 view
7 oxy from Oxford College Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
6 secondleg As they're on their second owner's legs, not hands Amanda Visconti 2015-02-15 10:58 view
6 threadbare cuffedge Mulligan has given Stephen some of his old clothing and shoes. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:39 view
23 Usurper Ulysses parallels the problem of Penelope's suitors in the Odyssey with a series of similarly morally-suspect "usurper"s: the British (usurping Ireland's culture), various men who have dubious relationships with Leopold Bloom's wife Molly (e.g. Hugh Boylan) and Mulligan (who subtly tries to break Stephen's determination to be a free-willed artist, and also ultimately usurps his home). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:31 view
16 play them as I do Mulligan is comfortable with playing to those with power; Stephen isn't. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 09:40 view
4 Haines Haines is an Englishman from Oxford who is boarding in the tower with Stephen and Mulligan, apparently with the goal of researching Irish folk tradition. The previous evening he had a nightmare involving shooting a black panther; the dream disturbed Stephen, who feared Haines would try to shoot his gun while half-awake. This story parallels a story from Joyce's own life (see Ellmann's biography of Joyce for details). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:43 view
21 Westmeath an area in the middle of Ireland Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:39 view
84 Simon Simon Dedalus, who is Stephen Dedalus' father Amanda Visconti 2015-03-04 20:15 view
35 couchant heraldic term for lying down (like a lion on a knight's shield) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:12 view
20 ferrule a protective cap around the end of Stephen's walking stick Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:46 view
684 ? The original printing of Ulysses on which this digital edition is based uses spaces between the ends of sentences and question marks in this episode. Amanda Visconti 2015-03-17 11:41 view
33 May I Stephen's interior monologue contains phrases from the letter he is skimming Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:18 view
18 The Father and the Son idea An interpretation of Hamlet in which Hamlet and the murdered king correspond to Jesus and the Father image of God; both Hamlet and God's Father/Son relationship are paralleled in this book Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:01 view
31 planters covenant many of the pro-British Protestants were well-off planters, so this probably refers to some anti-Catholic resolution Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:28 view
20 grim displeasure Stephen's displeasure may be caused both by memory of his refusal to pray with his dying mother, and by the failure of his free-willed self to be as successful as those who serve other masters Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:15 view
31 Mulligan, nine pounds Stephen mentally lists all his debts (it is interesting that he lists himself as indebted to Mulligan, although Stephen has paid the rent for their tower and given Mulligan drinking money) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:31 view
16 Would I make money by it Stephen, who is poor but feels that his art is above being traded for money from the English, voices what Mulligan is probably thinking (Mulligan sees his abilities -- and by extension, the abilities of the Irish -- as fungible goods to be traded for benefits form the English) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:20 view
28 Moors Algebra is an Arabic (archaic "Moorish") invention Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:08 view
12 In nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti Latin Catholic blessing usually spoken while making the sign of the cross: "In the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit." Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:27 view
26 candescent glowing (incandescent) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:15 view
10 Her secrets Stephen moves from images of the trifles May left behind (e.g. dancecards hinting at a life before she was a mother) to imagined memories from May's childhood. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:30 view
25 No-one here to hear Stephen considers that since no one who heard his joke was able to appreciate it, he should save it for a witticism during tonight's drinking with Mulligan and Haines. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:19 view
7 To ourselves... new paganism... omphalos. Stephen moves from thoughts of Matthew Arnold's writings to the idea of of the omphalos, or navel (Martello Tower is referred to as the omphalos). Disturbed by the image of violence, Stephen is moved to forgive Haines. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:34 view
6 Caliban The wild native creature, a tragic fool-villain, from Shakespeare's The Tempest. In the prologue to The Picture of Dorian Gray, Oscar Wilde wrote, "The nineteenth-century dislike of realism is the rage of Caliban seeing his own face in a glass. The nineteenth-century dislike of romanticism is the rage of Caliban not seeing his own face in a glass." Mulligan uses the quotation to mock Stephen's obvious discomfort with difference between the image of himself that the mirror presents and his own idea of himself. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:38 view
3 Introibo ad altare Dei A line spoken by a priest during a Latin Catholic mass, meaning "I will go to the altar of God". Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:07 view
11 tall figure Haines, the lodger who Stephen and Mulligan discussed earlier Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 12:25 view
5 hyperborean living in or from the far north; from a mythical race that lived beyond the north wind Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 The Ship A tavern Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:34 view
19 ballad of Joking Jesu These lyrics are directly taken from a longer poem by Oliver St-John Gogarty, the real-life basis for Mulligan. You can read the whole poem at http://goo.gl/Leylio Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 12:27 view
3 Jesuit A Catholic order that organized many schools in Ireland. The Jesuits were characterized as skilled equivocators, using craftiness to answer unanswerable religious questions and also protecting the order during the time it was suppressed by the Pope. Stephen has been taught by Jesuits; Mulligan fears his subtle intellect, which often allows him to provide answers through roundabout logic (see his discussion of Hamlet, mentioned later in this episode and explored more fully in the episode Scylla and Charybdis). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:44 view
21 Two men Two men are watching the water, looking for the body of a man who drowned about nine days ago. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:43 view
37 Ineluctable This entire episode (Episode 3, "Proteus") is the inner monologue of Stephen Dedalus as he walks along a beach. Amanda Visconti 2015-03-05 09:44 view
34 sinned against the light Some modern-day Christians blamed modern-day Jews for the execution of Jesus Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:15 view
19 a smooth silver case in which twinkled a green stone a little metaphor: Haines, the Englishman, offers Stephen an image of Ireland (the emerald) as a decoration in England's pocket Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:52 view
79 fifty pounds a year Salary, not body weight Amanda Visconti 2015-03-18 09:57 view
32 foot and mouth disease a plague affecting cattle and other animals Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:21 view
23 smiling at wild Irish Stephen imagines that Haines condescends to him because he is an Irishman -- more of a curious freak than a genius. The text, though, shows nothing of Haines to suggest he is not sincere in his offer of friendship. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:04 view
31 demagogue a leader who inspires cultish devotion among their followers Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:29 view
18 O, shade of Kinch the elder! Mulligan laughs, picturing the differences between Stephen's charismatic father and Stephen; Japhet, one of Noah's sons, reinforces the father-son relationship motif Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:16 view
30 Iago Mr. Deasy's line ironically comes from the villain of Othello. This makes him not a mentor, like his Odysseyan counterpart Nestor, but another usurper; like Mulligan and Cranly, his words tempt Stephen to abandon his personal integrity. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:32 view
14 the loud voice Haines tries some of his Irish out on the old woman, who doesn't speak Irish Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:21 view
28 algebra Echo of Mulligan's early explanation of Stephen's Hamlet paradox Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:09 view
11 A server of a servant By serving Mulligan in bringing his shaving bowl, since Mulligan is himself a servant to society's demands. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:28 view
25 breastwork fortification Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:16 view
9 The twining stresses The lines of the song are built of pairs of unstressed-stressed syllables. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:32 view
24 Pyrrhus, a pier Armstrong, not knowing the answer, jokes by declining the word as if it were a Latin noun. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:22 view
25 Edith, Ethel, Gerty, Lily Girls the boys know Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:20 view
7 ragging Stephen imagines a schoolboy being humiliated by his fellow classmates, a story he has probably heard from Mulligan before. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:35 view
3 Dedalus Stephen's last name is similar to Daedalus, the architect of the minotaur's labyrinth in Greek myth. Ovid tells a story in which Daedalus is imprisoned by the king to prevent him from sharing the secrets of his labyrinth with anyone else. To escape, Daedalus fashions wings out of feathers and wax for himself and his son Icarus. During their escape flight Icarus becomes too excited about flying and soars high nearer the sun, which melts the wax in his wings and causes him to fall to his death. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 11:33 view
6 Dottyville nickname for an insane asylum Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:38 view
3 Spoken lines are indicated with an em dash Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:08 view
13 He watched her pour The following passage are Stephen's thoughts as he watches the milkwoman—note how his mind turns to historical and literary references Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 12:48 view
5 Epi oinopa ponton Greek for "the wine-dark sea", as Homer terms it in the Odyssey; afterwards paralleled by Mulligan with "the snot-green sea" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:41 view
22 Uebermensch Nietzsche's "Superman" or ideal for all humanity Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:37 view
4 Your absurd name Stephen's last name, Dedalus, is an unusual name for an Irish person. The name comes from the mythical Greek Daedalus, the great inventor who created the labyrinth for King Minos and escaped from Crete using wings he made from birds' feathers; Daedalus' son, Icarus, was given a similar set of wings for escaping, but flew so near the sun that the wings disintegrated and he drowned. Daedalus is often used as a symbol of the rational, unemotive, scientific mind, while Icarus represents the unrestrained artist; Stephen bears far more resemblance to the latter Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:06 view
21 Michael an archangel often depicted as militant Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:44 view
33 England Note how Deasy considers Ireland just a part of England. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:17 view
18 Joseph the joiner In Christianity, Mary's husband Joseph is a carpenter Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:54 view
32 the dictates of common sense Deasy reads portions of the letter he is typing aloud, which is full of trite but high-sounding phrases Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:26 view
22 Seymour a friend of Mulligan's, mentioned earlier when Mulligan offered to rag Haines for bothering Stephen Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:06 view
31 tory a conservative Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 To the secretary of state for war The Martello tower shared by Stephen, Mulligan, and Haines was originally a defensive structure --thus the strange landlord. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:18 view
30 sovereign unit of British money Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
14 To serve or to upbraid Seeing the milkwoman as a mythic Kathleen-Ni-Houlihan figure protecting Ireland, Stephen wonders whether she is there to help him in his fight against British tyranny, or to chasten him for failing Ireland. Though initially soothed by the site of a "real" (i.e. not Anglicized) Irish milkwoman, he quickly sees in her the faults he sees in all the modern Irish: ignorance of national history (she doesn't speak or even recognize Gaelic) and quickness to be impressed with foreign learning and cultivation (e.g. Mulligan's status as a medical student). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:23 view
29 gaitered wearing gaiters, an accessory that protected the ankles, and sometimes the shins, from mud Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
13 collector of prepuces Mulligan continues to speak in an elevated anthropological style, mocking the milkwoman's simplicity and religion. Collector of prepuces: A reference to the Old Testament God's law that Jewish men be circumcised. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:25 view
27 fox burying his grandmother under a hollybush The fox imagery references Stephen, who is cunning like a fox and has also recently buried his mother (not quite grandmother, as in the riddle). Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:12 view
11 your symbol of Irish art Mulligan has offered up the "cracked looking glass of a servant" image Stephen created earlier to Haines in hope of cadging a few coins for a drink; he is willing to sell off Stephen's art (and by extension, all Ireland) to the English for gain, if Stephen won't do it himself, but feigns shock when Stephen later facetiously asks Haines if he can make any money off his wit Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:29 view
25 infinite possibilities all the other events in history that didn't occur because another event did; Stephen wonders if it's even worth thinking of these alternate realities as existing, since they never came to pass Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:17 view
9 Loyola founder of the Catholic Jesuit order; here, a symbol of rigid belief Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:33 view
24 Pyrrhus The term ''Pyrrhic victory'' is named after him, as many of his battles were won only through heavy losses that were ultimately disastrous (''Another victory like that and we are done for''). Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:23 view
25 mirthless but with meaning Though they might not enjoy the joke, the boys do enjoy being able to laugh condescendingly at their teacher Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:21 view
7 Hellenise make into something appreciative of and producing arts and culture similar to that of Golden Age Greece Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
37 maestro di color che sanno Could someone translate this and tag it with the name of the language (Italian?) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 13:18 view
6 I can't wear them Despite his refusal to pray with his dying mother, Stephen is observing the social custom of displaying one's mourning by wearing only black clothing Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:39 view
3 Chrysostomos Reference to Saint John Chrysostom, nicknamed "the golden-mouthed" for his speaking ability; Stephen links Mulligan's glibness to his gold-capped teeth Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:09 view
16 Yet here's a spot A reference to a scene in the Shakespeare play Macbeth, where Lady Macbeth has gone mad from guilt and obsessively washes her hands. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 15:34 view
4 saved men from drowning Mulligan's rescue of a drowning man will be discussed later in the novel; for all that Stephen feels morally superior to the British-toadying Mulligan, he recognizes he would not have been brave enough to save the man's life. I believe Mulligan's real-life counter-part Gogarty might have similarly piqued Joyce with heroics, though I need to track down a reference to this. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:42 view
21 the Bannons A family name Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:39 view
177 whether Hamlet is Shakespeare Theories that Shakespeare was really some other known writer have been drifting around since the 1800s. Here he's jokingly extending those theories to apply to Hamlet as well. Amanda Visconti 2015-03-04 14:19 view
4 jesuit youthful, lacking knowledge or experience Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:07 view
20 familiar a witch's animal companion Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:46 view
33 Cassandra A princess of Troy before its downfall. Apollo loved her and made her a seer; when his love was not returned, he cursed her so that her predictions would be accurate but always unheeded (for example, her prediction of Troy's sacking). Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:17 view
18 He proves by algebra that Hamlet's grandson is Shakespeare's grandfather and that he himself is the ghost of his own father Mulligan sarcastically makes a muddle of Stephen's Hamlet theory, making Haines confused as to whether Hamlet or Stephen is referred to as the ghost of his own father. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:57 view
31 Croppies a derogatory name for Irish rebels against British rule, in reference to their cropped (short) hair Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:27 view
20 the servant of two masters the English master is England's pernicious influence on Ireland ("The imperial British state"); the Italian master is the Catholic Church and Pope, jealous of modern independent thought, demanding "kneel down before me" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:13 view
31 tartan plaid Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 And going forth he met Butterly. Notice how this Christian reference sets up Mulligan to betray Stephen. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:19 view
28 mien appearance/countenance /complexion Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:07 view
13 That's folk Haines is apparently in Ireland to collect folk tales or culture for a book. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:26 view
26 his shadow the shadow of Jesus, who is ''him who walked the waves'' (walked on water) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:14 view
10 blood of squashed lice Stephen transitions from imagining May's pleasant childhood memories to the hardships she faced as a mother of many children living in poverty (Stephen's father, while charismatic and popular, is a drinker and not a consistent breadwinner) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:30 view
25 chosen all that part Stephen feels that all the Irish have taken on the role of jesters or servants to others, perhaps because their land had been so long run under by foreign people. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:18 view
8 jesuit strain Stephen retains the Jesuit love of logic and reason without the accompanying religion or affection Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:34 view
24 what city Stephen is in the middle of quizzing the boys on ancient history, specifically a battle of the Greek Pyrrhus Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:23 view
7 He fears the lancet of my art Stephen, the unhygienic, is superstitiously fearful of modern medicine (he is also afraid of thunder--ironic, given his apostasy-- and dogs). Mulligan fears Stephen's superior wit, and thus keeps his jealousy and dislike hidden. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:37 view
11 sovereigns a unit of money Amanda Visconti 2015-02-16 19:58 view
5 mummer a low actor, such as might perform at a parade or carnival Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 Home also I cannot go See Ellmann's biography of Joyce for parallels to Joyce's exit from the Martello tower. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:32 view
17 omphalos "Navel" in Greek. In Greek myth, the omphalos was the center of the world as determined by Zeus sending two birds to fly in separate directions until they met again. The word can also mean a place that feels like the center of the universe because of its power. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 10:05 view
5 The aunt Mulligan's aunt, like Mulligan, is an Anglicized Irishwoman; she looks askance at the unkempt Stephen and his family Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:44 view
21 Bullock harbour a harbor southeast of Dublin Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:41 view
37 Ineluctable Unescapable Amanda Visconti 2015-03-05 09:41 view
35 Telegraph. Irish Homestead two Dublin papers with which Stephen has connections Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:13 view
20 He wants that key The tower has only one key, which Stephen has kept so far (with his regular teaching job, he has been the one to pay the rent). He senses now the Mulligan will ask for the key, effectively usurping his home. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:46 view
72 Love's                                        Old                                        Sweet                                        Song                                        Comes lo-ve’s old... The centering with left-alignment, and lines not followed by periods here are from the first printing of the novel, viewable at http://goo.gl/P0uKtj Amanda Visconti 2015-03-17 11:43 view
33 Foot and mouth disease a plague affecting cattle and other animals Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:19 view
23 A voice Mulligan's, whose voice is "sweettoned": he's able to be "golden-mouthed" or honey-tongued when he wishes Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:02 view
31 papishes Catholics (from papacy, in reference to their allegiance to the Pope); an image of the Catholic-Protestant violence Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:28 view
18 The seas' ruler Haines is English, and at that time Great Britain's impressive fleet had virtual sovereignty of the seas Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:16 view
31 Good man Stephen ironically mentally congratulates Deasy's choice of maxims Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:31 view
16 Agenbite of inwit "Agenbite of inwit" is Middle English, translating to "prick of remorse". Stephen is referring sarcastically to those who bathe more often than he does --perhaps they are trying to whiten their unclean consciences? "Yet here's a spot" refers to Shakespeare's Macbeth, in which the crazed Lady Macbeth comes to believe that she cannot wash the blood of her murders off her hands. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:21 view
28 morrice Like ''morris'', a medieval, slow country dance remotely like American square dancing Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:09 view
12 What sort of a kip is this Mulligan is peeved that the milkwoman has not appeared at the appointed time. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:27 view
26 studious silence Stephen remembers his recent studies in Paris; he was called home from these by the nearing death of his mother Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:15 view
9 Fergus' song the Yeats song Mulligan was singing Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:31 view
25 For Haines's chapbook Stephen remarks that his joke on Kingstown Pier would probably please Haines enough to record, as with his earlier words on the cracked mirror as ''the symbol of Irish art''. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:19 view
7 Matthew Arnold A popular Victorian poet; the gardener, though masked with the face of culture, is deaf to the violence going on among the nearby students Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:35 view
6 Ursula Ursula is also the name of a saint, renowned for her chastity; Mulligan implies that she is chaste because she is so plain-looking. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:38 view
3 Introibo ad altare Dei. With his morning shave, Mulligan begins a mockery of the mass that is sustained for much of the episode, complete with blessings and the shaving bowl as holy incense. This mockery is a subtle taunt to Stephen, who was extremely devout as a boy. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:07 view
12 valise suitcase Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 12:30 view
5 Thalatta Greek for "the sea" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 Horn of a bull, hoof of a horse, smile of a Saxon. Stephen thinks his own version of a saying for three things a person should never trust. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:35 view
3 Kinch Mulligan's nickname for Stephen, who he describes as a "knife-blade" (the OED defines a kinch as a type of knot and I've never been able to find the word defined as a knife, but for the purposes of the novel it makes the most sense to go with Mulligan's definition). This nickname, which alludes to the sharpness of Stephen's intellect, is used somewhat patronizingly–Mulligan recognizes that Stephen has greater intellectual powers than him and is passively-aggressively jealous, but is also aware that Stephen does not use his mind to as great a social advantage as Mulligan does. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:45 view
21 Hear, hear. Prolonged applause Coming out of his revery, Stephen imagines fake applause. As a would-be poet, he is ever aware that despite the intelligence that lets him have such interior monologues, he has produced no great work to share with others) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:44 view
34 merchant Stephen gently suggests that the hatred of unscrupulous merchants should be directed against the merchants themselves, not against a race Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:15 view
19 Olivet The Mount of Olives, at the foot of which is the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus spent the night of his betrayal Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:53 view
32 princely presence refers to the portrait of Albert Edward, not Mr. Deasy Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:26 view
22 Zarathustra An ancient religious poet; Thus Spake Zarathustra is the name of a late-19th-century book by Nietzsche Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:05 view
31 orange ''Orange'' Irish were Protestants; the term comes from William of Orange (William III, of the house of Orange), a champion of Protestantism over Catholicism Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:29 view
17 Billy Pitt Many towers like Stephen's were built around the coasts of Great Britain during the Napoleonic wars. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:17 view
30 Three nooses Again, Stephen is conscious of being a servant; the three nooses are the three times he has accepted money for his work as a teacher Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:32 view
14 Do you understand Haines, the English boarder, is trying out his Gaelic on the milkwoman, who not only does not speak Irish but isn't aware that is what he is speaking Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:22 view
14 Silk of the kine and poor old woman epithets for Ireland Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:24 view
27 Futility Stephen recognizes the futility of the weak student's attempt to learn. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:11 view
11 Clongowes A Jesuit boarding school attended by a young Stephen; the scene of Stephen's most devout Catholicism. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:28 view
25 swarthy having dark, olive-toned skin Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:16 view
9 Sassenach Scottish vernacular for an Englishman Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:32 view
24 pier. a dock or other walkway extending into water upon supports Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:22 view
25 Edith, Ethel, Gerty, Lily. Gerty possibly refers to the Gerty who is the focus of the ''Nausicaa'' episode later in the book. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:20 view
7 only one that knows what you are Mulligan, for all his willingness to do anything for gain, is one of the few people who recognize that Stephen is intelligent and not insane or useless. However, Stephen cannot reconcile himself with Mulligan's willingness to serve up Ireland to make a dollar, and Mulligan knows Stephen sees this side of him and is angered. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
3 looked coldly Stephen and Mulligan are friends, yet there's a tension between them. Stephen is an aspiring writer, while Mulligan is a medical student who also writes (mostly humorous works, it seems; he's modeled on Joyce's acquaintance Oliver St. John Gogarty, an actual Irish poet). There's tension between the two over their acceptance into Dublin's literary circle, in part because Stephen sees Mulligan as betraying Ireland by playing to what the English want. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 11:37 view
6 g. p. i. short for "general paralysis of the insane," the old term for schizophrenia; Stephen's descent from prize-winning, hyper-devout student to unwashed artist who refused to pray for his dying mother suggests a mental instability to people who observe him Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:39 view
3 Christine A jokingly female version of Christ Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:09 view
15 visit your national library See the Scylla and Charybdis episode Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 13:29 view
5 Algy Algernon Charles Swinburne, a controversial Victorian poet Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:41 view
21 a sweet young thing Bannon's female find happens to be the young Milly Bloom, daughter of not-yet-introduced protagonist Leopold Bloom Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:38 view
4 dactyls Words consisting of one long (or accented) syllable followed by two short (or unaccented) syllables, such as MUL-li-gan Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:07 view
21 terrene earthly Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:45 view
33 embargo a ban on shipping or commerce Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:17 view
18 My mother's a jew, my father's a bird Jesus's mother Mary; the dove form of the Holy Spirit Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:55 view
31 spindle side maternally Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:27 view
20 et unam sanctam catholicam et apostolicam ecclesiam Latin: "The one, holy, universal and apostolic Church" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:12 view
31 Albert Edward King Edward VII's official title while his mother, the long-lived Queen Victoria, held the throne. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 And going forth he met Butterly Mulligan plays with sound, mimicking the description of Peter after he betrays Jesus three times ("And going forth, he wept bitterly".) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:18 view
30 emir a noble in a Middle Eastern country Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
28 subjective and objective genitive subjective and objective genitive are the declensions of the Latin nouns (declensions are to nouns sort of what conjugations are to verbs; the declension of a noun indicates how it is being used in a sentence) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:06 view
13 the Upanishads The Upanishads are Hindu writings Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:25 view
26 To Caesar what is Caesar's "Render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:21), Jesus's recommended method for dealing with secular and divine authorities Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:14 view
10 No, mother Stephen revolts against the image of his reproachful mother, whose guilt threatens Stephen's sense of independence from the stultifying confines of religion and Irish tradition. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:29 view
25 beldam old woman, crone Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:17 view
8 Her cerebral lobes are not functioning Mulligan imagines an old woman gradually losing her mental abilities, trying to show Stephen that one should humor the dying. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:34 view
24 That phrase ''Another victory like that and we are done for''; Stephen imagines the sentence being spoken. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:23 view
25 Kingstown pier From the boys' laughter, obviously a popular place for spooning with girls. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:21 view
7 tin money/fortune Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
6 breeks breeches (pants) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-15 10:57 view
6 threadbare cuffedge Mulligan has given Stephen some of his old clothing and shoes. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:39 view
3 grained and hued like pale oak Harry Blamires' The New Bloomsday Book suggests this is an allusion to the Trojan Horse meant to clue us to Mulligan's duplicitous nature. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-30 17:37 view
16 blow him out Mulligan says he's been singing Stephen's praises to Haines. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 09:22 view
4 Haines Haines is an Englishman from Oxford who is boarding in the tower with Stephen and Mulligan, apparently with the goal of researching Irish folk tradition. The previous evening he had a nightmare involving shooting a black panther; the dream disturbed Stephen, who feared Haines would try to shoot his gun while half-awake. This story parallels a story from Joyce's own life (see Ellmann's biography of Joyce for details). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:43 view
21 Westmeath an area in the middle of Ireland Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:39 view
84 Simon Simon Dedalus, who is Stephen Dedalus' father Amanda Visconti 2015-03-04 20:15 view
4 Saxon Antiquated term for an English person (England was populated by Saxons before the William of Normandy introduced the French) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:07 view
20 ferrule a protective cap around the end of Stephen's walking stick Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:46 view
72 Love's                                        Old                                        Sweet                                        Song                                        Comes lo-ve’s old... Centered text (e.g. lyrics) throughout the book should be centered but with left-alignment within centering, like this. The Modenist Versions Project doesn't include this typographical choice, so I'll be manually fixing these as I progress through the book (see the news section on the front page to know which chapters have been fixed.) Amanda Visconti 2015-03-17 11:39 view
33 May I Stephen's interior monologue contains phrases from the letter he is skimming Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:18 view
18 He himself Haines confused as to whether Hamlet or Stephen is referred to as the ghost of his own father Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:58 view
31 planters covenant many of the pro-British Protestants were well-off planters, so this probably refers to some anti-Catholic resolution Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:28 view
20 grim displeasure Stephen's displeasure may be caused both by memory of his refusal to pray with his dying mother, and by the failure of his free-willed self to be as successful as those who serve other masters Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:15 view
31 lump the cash Stephen has on hand Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
16 Would I make money by it Stephen, who is poor but feels that his art is above being traded for money from the English, voices what Mulligan is probably thinking (Mulligan sees his abilities -- and by extension, the abilities of the Irish -- as fungible goods to be traded for benefits form the English) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:20 view
28 Moors Algebra is an Arabic (archaic "Moorish") invention Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:08 view
12 When I makes tea I makes tea A humorous Irish folkloric figure, possibly created by Mulligan, but presented to Haines half-mockingly as valid cultural material for his book. Mulligan couches vulgar anecdotes as Irish folklore, subtly mocking Ireland's ability to produce any nobel or heroic mythology. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:26 view
26 candescent glowing (incandescent) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:15 view
10 Her secrets Stephen moves from images of the trifles May left behind (e.g. dancecards hinting at a life before she was a mother) to imagined memories from May's childhood. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:30 view
25 What then Repeating his witticism for Haines and Mulligan would only make Stephen into a jester or servant, offering up his mind in return for a little laughter. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:18 view
7 To ourselves... new paganism... omphalos. Stephen moves from thoughts of Matthew Arnold's writings to the idea of of the omphalos, or navel (Martello Tower is referred to as the omphalos). Disturbed by the image of violence, Stephen is moved to forgive Haines. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:34 view
24 Cochrane One of Stephen's students (the setting has changed to the day school where Stephen teaches) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:24 view
7 a symbol of Irish art Stephen sees Irish art is an attempt to mirror the real, marred by the Irish artist's toadying to the British ideal of art. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:37 view
3 Introibo ad altare Dei A line spoken by a priest during a Latin Catholic mass, meaning "I will go to the altar of God". Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:07 view
11 tall figure Haines, the lodger who Stephen and Mulligan discussed earlier Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 12:25 view
5 hyperborean living in or from the far north; from a mythical race that lived beyond the north wind Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 Home also I cannot go. Stephen has about had it with Mulligan, and does not feel he could return to the tower to sleep (there is also the problem of no longer having the key); "home", now referring to the place his immediate family lives, is also not an option -- the family has broken up after May's death, and there is possibly some anger there over Stephen's refusal to pray for her. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:33 view
18 Elsinore. That beetles o'er his base into the sea Description of the main setting of Shakespeare's play Hamlet, the castle Elsinore. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 12:09 view
3 Jesuit A Catholic order that organized many schools in Ireland. The Jesuits were characterized as skilled equivocators, using craftiness to answer unanswerable religious questions and also protecting the order during the time it was suppressed by the Pope. Stephen has been taught by Jesuits; Mulligan fears his subtle intellect, which often allows him to provide answers through roundabout logic (see his discussion of Hamlet, mentioned later in this episode and explored more fully in the episode Scylla and Charybdis). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:44 view
21 Two men Two men are watching the water, looking for the body of a man who drowned about nine days ago. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:43 view
37 Ineluctable This entire episode (Episode 3, "Proteus") is the inner monologue of Stephen Dedalus as he walks along a beach. Amanda Visconti 2015-03-05 09:44 view
34 Who has not? i.e. Who has not sinned in some way? Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:14 view
19 a smooth silver case in which twinkled a green stone a little metaphor: Haines, the Englishman, offers Stephen an image of Ireland (the emerald) as a decoration in England's pocket Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:52 view
79 fifty pounds a year Salary, not body weight Amanda Visconti 2015-03-18 09:57 view
32 foot and mouth disease a plague affecting cattle and other animals Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:21 view
23 Liliata rutilantium.Turma circumdet.Jubilantium te virginum. Part of the Catholic liturgy for the dying, spoken at the deathbed of May, Stephen's mother Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:04 view
31 demagogue a leader who inspires cultish devotion among their followers Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:29 view
18 O, shade of Kinch the elder! Mulligan laughs, picturing the differences between Stephen's charismatic father and Stephen; Japhet, one of Noah's sons, reinforces the father-son relationship motif Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:16 view
30 The seas' ruler an epithet used earlier on Haines, referring to the British imperialist control of the seas Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:32 view
14 the loud voice Haines tries some of his Irish out on the old woman, who doesn't speak Irish Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:21 view
28 algebra Echo of Mulligan's early explanation of Stephen's Hamlet paradox Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:09 view
11 barbacans castle towers (often spelled barbicans) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:28 view
25 breastwork fortification Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:16 view
9 The twining stresses The lines of the song are built of pairs of unstressed-stressed syllables. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:32 view
24 Pyrrhus, a pier Armstrong, not knowing the answer, jokes by declining the word as if it were a Latin noun. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:22 view
25 a disappointed bridge disappointed in that doesn't cross any water Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:19 view
7 ragging Stephen imagines a schoolboy being humiliated by his fellow classmates, a story he has probably heard from Mulligan before. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:35 view
3 Dedalus Stephen's last name is similar to Daedalus, the architect of the minotaur's labyrinth in Greek myth. Ovid tells a story in which Daedalus is imprisoned by the king to prevent him from sharing the secrets of his labyrinth with anyone else. To escape, Daedalus fashions wings out of feathers and wax for himself and his son Icarus. During their escape flight Icarus becomes too excited about flying and soars high nearer the sun, which melts the wax in his wings and causes him to fall to his death. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 11:33 view
6 skivvy servant/maid Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:38 view
3 Spoken lines are indicated with an em dash Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:08 view
13 He watched her pour The following passage are Stephen's thoughts as he watches the milkwoman—note how his mind turns to historical and literary references Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 12:48 view
5 Epi oinopa ponton Greek for "the wine-dark sea", as Homer terms it in the Odyssey; afterwards paralleled by Mulligan with "the snot-green sea" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:41 view
22 up the pole Pregnant Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:36 view
4 Your absurd name Stephen's last name, Dedalus, is an unusual name for an Irish person. The name comes from the mythical Greek Daedalus, the great inventor who created the labyrinth for King Minos and escaped from Crete using wings he made from birds' feathers; Daedalus' son, Icarus, was given a similar set of wings for escaping, but flew so near the sun that the wings disintegrated and he drowned. Daedalus is often used as a symbol of the rational, unemotive, scientific mind, while Icarus represents the unrestrained artist; Stephen bears far more resemblance to the latter Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:06 view
21 Michael an archangel often depicted as militant Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:44 view
33 The harlot's cry from street to streetShall weave old England's winding sheet. from William Blake's ''Auguries of Innocence'' Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:16 view
18 Joseph the joiner In Christianity, Mary's husband Joseph is a carpenter Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:54 view
32 the dictates of common sense Deasy reads portions of the letter he is typing aloud, which is full of trite but high-sounding phrases Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:26 view
22 key Mulligan succeeds in getting the key from Stephen, effectively shutting him out of his home. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:05 view
31 tory a conservative Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 To the secretary of state for war The Martello tower shared by Stephen, Mulligan, and Haines was originally a defensive structure --thus the strange landlord. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:18 view
30 shillings, sixpences, halfcrowns units of British money Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
14 To serve or to upbraid Seeing the milkwoman as a mythic Kathleen-Ni-Houlihan figure protecting Ireland, Stephen wonders whether she is there to help him in his fight against British tyranny, or to chasten him for failing Ireland. Though initially soothed by the site of a "real" (i.e. not Anglicized) Irish milkwoman, he quickly sees in her the faults he sees in all the modern Irish: ignorance of national history (she doesn't speak or even recognize Gaelic) and quickness to be impressed with foreign learning and cultivation (e.g. Mulligan's status as a medical student). Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:23 view
13 collector of prepuces Mulligan continues to speak in an elevated anthropological style, mocking the milkwoman's simplicity and religion. Collector of prepuces: A reference to the Old Testament God's law that Jewish men be circumcised. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:25 view
27 fox burying his grandmother under a hollybush The fox imagery references Stephen, who is cunning like a fox and has also recently buried his mother (not quite grandmother, as in the riddle). Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:12 view
11 I get paid Stephen has regular work teaching at a boy's school, as will be seen in Episode 2 (Nestor); Mulligan, a medical student, seems to get his money from his aunt Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:29 view
25 infinite possibilities all the other events in history that didn't occur because another event did; Stephen wonders if it's even worth thinking of these alternate realities as existing, since they never came to pass Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:17 view
9 Loyola founder of the Catholic Jesuit order; here, a symbol of rigid belief Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:33 view
24 Pyrrhus The term ''Pyrrhic victory'' is named after him, as many of his battles were won only through heavy losses that were ultimately disastrous (''Another victory like that and we are done for''). Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:23 view
25 They knew The boys, despite their relative youth, have all had or know about sexual encounters. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:21 view
7 Hellenise make into something appreciative of and producing arts and culture similar to that of Golden Age Greece Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
37 maestro di color che sanno Could someone translate this and tag it with the name of the language (Italian?) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 13:18 view
6 smokeblue note this change from "grey searching eyes"; Mulligan is mercurial, willing to change any part of himself to make the most gain Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:39 view
3 Chrysostomos Reference to Saint John Chrysostom, nicknamed "the golden-mouthed" for his speaking ability; Stephen links Mulligan's glibness to his gold-capped teeth Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:09 view
16 Yet here's a spot A reference to a scene in the Shakespeare play Macbeth, where Lady Macbeth has gone mad from guilt and obsessively washes her hands. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 15:34 view
4 saved men from drowning Mulligan's rescue of a drowning man will be discussed later in the novel; for all that Stephen feels morally superior to the British-toadying Mulligan, he recognizes he would not have been brave enough to save the man's life. I believe Mulligan's real-life counter-part Gogarty might have similarly piqued Joyce with heroics, though I need to track down a reference to this. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:42 view
21 Photo girl Milly (Bloom's daughter) is working as a photographer's assistant. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:38 view
177 whether Hamlet is Shakespeare Theories that Shakespeare was really some other known writer have been drifting around since the 1800s. Here he's jokingly extending those theories to apply to Hamlet as well. Amanda Visconti 2015-03-04 14:19 view
4 jesuit youthful, lacking knowledge or experience Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:07 view
20 familiar a witch's animal companion Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:46 view
33 Rinderpest another type of cattle plague Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:17 view
18 He proves by algebra that Hamlet's grandson is Shakespeare's grandfather and that he himself is the ghost of his own father Mulligan sarcastically makes a muddle of Stephen's Hamlet theory, making Haines confused as to whether Hamlet or Stephen is referred to as the ghost of his own father. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:57 view
31 Croppies a derogatory name for Irish rebels against British rule, in reference to their cropped (short) hair Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:27 view
20 We feel in England Haines believes that English have historically treated the Irish wrongly, but is blind to the current effect Britain has on Ireland Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:12 view
31 tartan plaid Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 And going forth he met Butterly. Notice how this Christian reference sets up Mulligan to betray Stephen. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:19 view
29 Stuart coins Stuart refers to the family that ruled England during the 1600s. Despite the Stuart's Catholicism and Irish ancestry, the family brought grief to Ireland by the backlash against their Catholicism following their rule. The treasure of their wealth is ''base'', as it has been taken from the Irish people Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
28 Amor matris ''amor matris'' is Latin for ''a mother's love'' Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:07 view
13 That's folk Haines is apparently in Ireland to collect folk tales or culture for a book. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:26 view
26 his shadow the shadow of Jesus, who is ''him who walked the waves'' (walked on water) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:14 view
10 Liliata rutilantium Part of the Catholic liturgy for the dying, spoken at May's deathbed Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:30 view
25 chosen all that part Stephen feels that all the Irish have taken on the role of jesters or servants to others, perhaps because their land had been so long run under by foreign people. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:18 view
8 jesuit strain Stephen retains the Jesuit love of logic and reason without the accompanying religion or affection Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:34 view
24 what city Stephen is in the middle of quizzing the boys on ancient history, specifically a battle of the Greek Pyrrhus Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:23 view
7 He fears the lancet of my art Stephen, the unhygienic, is superstitiously fearful of modern medicine (he is also afraid of thunder--ironic, given his apostasy-- and dogs). Mulligan fears Stephen's superior wit, and thus keeps his jealousy and dislike hidden. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:37 view
11 sovereigns a unit of money Amanda Visconti 2015-02-16 19:58 view
5 in a dream Stephen's recently deceased mother appears to Stephen in his dreams Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 Home also I cannot go See Ellmann's biography of Joyce for parallels to Joyce's exit from the Martello tower. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:32 view
17 omphalos "Navel" in Greek. In Greek myth, the omphalos was the center of the world as determined by Zeus sending two birds to fly in separate directions until they met again. The word can also mean a place that feels like the center of the universe because of its power. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 10:05 view
5 The aunt Mulligan's aunt, like Mulligan, is an Anglicized Irishwoman; she looks askance at the unkempt Stephen and his family Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:44 view
21 five fathoms unit of nautical measurement; five fathoms recalls Ariel's "full fathom five thy father lies" song in Shakespeare's The Tempest Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:40 view
35 Telegraph. Irish Homestead two Dublin papers with which Stephen has connections Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:13 view
20 He wants that key The tower has only one key, which Stephen has kept so far (with his regular teaching job, he has been the one to pay the rent). He senses now the Mulligan will ask for the key, effectively usurping his home. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:46 view
72 Love's                                        Old                                        Sweet                                        Song                                        Comes lo-ve’s old... The centering with left-alignment, and lines not followed by periods here are from the first printing of the novel, viewable at http://goo.gl/P0uKtj Amanda Visconti 2015-03-17 11:43 view
33 pluterperfect Deasy combines two terms related to past tenses, ''pluperfect'' and ''preterperfect'' Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:18 view
23 A voice Mulligan's, whose voice is "sweettoned": he's able to be "golden-mouthed" or honey-tongued when he wishes Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:02 view
31 papishes Catholics (from papacy, in reference to their allegiance to the Pope); an image of the Catholic-Protestant violence Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:28 view
18 a blithe broadly smiling face Mulligan hints at his bad side by mocking a serious theme of the book (the father/Son relationship will be paralleled in Bloom/Stephen) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:15 view
319 — But it’s no use, says he. Force, hatred, history, all that. That’s not life for men and women, insult and hatred. And everybody knows that it’s the very opposite of that that is really life.      — What? says Alf.      — Love, says Bloom. This is one of the moments that really endear Bloom to me. You see people making fun of him etc. all day, and he's quietly holding these very firm and optimistic opinions. Amanda Visconti 2015-06-26 17:08 view
31 Good man Stephen ironically mentally congratulates Deasy's choice of maxims Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:31 view
16 Agenbite of inwit "Agenbite of inwit" is Middle English, translating to "prick of remorse". Stephen is referring sarcastically to those who bathe more often than he does --perhaps they are trying to whiten their unclean consciences? "Yet here's a spot" refers to Shakespeare's Macbeth, in which the crazed Lady Macbeth comes to believe that she cannot wash the blood of her murders off her hands. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:21 view
28 Give hands directions for the dancing of a morris Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:09 view
12 What sort of a kip is this Mulligan is peeved that the milkwoman has not appeared at the appointed time. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:27 view
26 studious silence Stephen remembers his recent studies in Paris; he was called home from these by the nearing death of his mother Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:15 view
9 Where now? Stephen, who no longer is certain of an afterlife, wonders what has become of his dead mother. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:31 view
25 For Haines's chapbook Stephen remarks that his joke on Kingstown Pier would probably please Haines enough to record, as with his earlier words on the cracked mirror as ''the symbol of Irish art''. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:19 view
7 Matthew Arnold A popular Victorian poet; the gardener, though masked with the face of culture, is deaf to the violence going on among the nearby students Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:35 view
6 Ursula Ursula is also the name of a saint, renowned for her chastity; Mulligan implies that she is chaste because she is so plain-looking. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:38 view
3 Introibo ad altare Dei. With his morning shave, Mulligan begins a mockery of the mass that is sustained for much of the episode, complete with blessings and the shaving bowl as holy incense. This mockery is a subtle taunt to Stephen, who was extremely devout as a boy. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:07 view
12 valise suitcase Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 12:30 view
5 you killed your mother Stephen, who recently abandoned his previously devout Catholicism, refused to kneel down and pray with his dying mother May (a young Joyce had done the same). He is berated both by Mulligan and his conscience, visited by dreams and visions of a reproachful ghost Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 Horn of a bull, hoof of a horse, smile of a Saxon. Stephen thinks his own version of a saying for three things a person should never trust. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:35 view
3 Kinch Mulligan's nickname for Stephen, who he describes as a "knife-blade" (the OED defines a kinch as a type of knot and I've never been able to find the word defined as a knife, but for the purposes of the novel it makes the most sense to go with Mulligan's definition). This nickname, which alludes to the sharpness of Stephen's intellect, is used somewhat patronizingly–Mulligan recognizes that Stephen has greater intellectual powers than him and is passively-aggressively jealous, but is also aware that Stephen does not use his mind to as great a social advantage as Mulligan does. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:45 view
21 Zut! Nom de Dieu! mild French oaths ("Well, shoot! Name of God!") of amazement Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:43 view
34 merchant Stephen gently suggests that the hatred of unscrupulous merchants should be directed against the merchants themselves, not against a race Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:15 view
19 Olivet The Mount of Olives, at the foot of which is the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus spent the night of his betrayal Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:53 view
32 Where Cranly led me The race courses; Cranly is a friend from Stephen's younger days (and a character in Joyce's Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:25 view
22 Zarathustra An ancient religious poet; Thus Spake Zarathustra is the name of a late-19th-century book by Nietzsche Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:05 view
31 orange ''Orange'' Irish were Protestants; the term comes from William of Orange (William III, of the house of Orange), a champion of Protestantism over Catholicism Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:29 view
17 Thomas Aquinas Doctor of the Catholic Church and subtle logician (Mulligan is referring to Stephen) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:17 view
30 Three nooses Again, Stephen is conscious of being a servant; the three nooses are the three times he has accepted money for his work as a teacher Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:32 view
14 Do you understand Haines, the English boarder, is trying out his Gaelic on the milkwoman, who not only does not speak Irish but isn't aware that is what he is speaking Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:22 view
14 Silk of the kine and poor old woman epithets for Ireland Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:24 view
28 Yet someone had loved him Stephen muses on the wonder of the love of mothers for their children, even children as weak and ill-favored as Sargent, as ''the only true thing in life''; he obviously has an uneasiness over his relationship to his deceased mother, whose last wish he slighted in order to feel free. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:10 view
11 Clongowes A Jesuit boarding school attended by a young Stephen; the scene of Stephen's most devout Catholicism. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:28 view
25 swarthy having dark, olive-toned skin Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:16 view
9 And no more Mulligan is ironically singing the song Stephen mother asked him to sing for her on her deathbed. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:32 view
24 pier. a dock or other walkway extending into water upon supports Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:22 view
25 Edith, Ethel, Gerty, Lily. Gerty possibly refers to the Gerty who is the focus of the ''Nausicaa'' episode later in the book. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:20 view
7 only one that knows what you are Mulligan, for all his willingness to do anything for gain, is one of the few people who recognize that Stephen is intelligent and not insane or useless. However, Stephen cannot reconcile himself with Mulligan's willingness to serve up Ireland to make a dollar, and Mulligan knows Stephen sees this side of him and is angered. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
3 looked coldly Stephen and Mulligan are friends, yet there's a tension between them. Stephen is an aspiring writer, while Mulligan is a medical student who also writes (mostly humorous works, it seems; he's modeled on Joyce's acquaintance Oliver St. John Gogarty, an actual Irish poet). There's tension between the two over their acceptance into Dublin's literary circle, in part because Stephen sees Mulligan as betraying Ireland by playing to what the English want. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-14 11:37 view
6 g. p. i. short for "general paralysis of the insane," the old term for schizophrenia; Stephen's descent from prize-winning, hyper-devout student to unwashed artist who refused to pray for his dying mother suggests a mental instability to people who observe him Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:39 view
3 Christine A jokingly female version of Christ Amanda Visconti 2015-01-29 13:09 view
15 visit your national library See the Scylla and Charybdis episode Amanda Visconti 2015-02-22 13:29 view
5 great sweet mother From a Swinburne poem: "I will go back to the great sweet mother, / Mother and lover of men, the sea" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:41 view
21 a sweet young thing Bannon's female find happens to be the young Milly Bloom, daughter of not-yet-introduced protagonist Leopold Bloom Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:38 view
4 dactyls Words consisting of one long (or accented) syllable followed by two short (or unaccented) syllables, such as MUL-li-gan Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:07 view
21 The void awaits Hell awaits all who try to bend religion's truth with strange logic. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:45 view
33 embargo a ban on shipping or commerce Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:17 view
18 My mother's a jew, my father's a bird Jesus's mother Mary; the dove form of the Holy Spirit Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:55 view
31 Per vias rectas Latin for ''by the righteous paths'' Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:27 view
20 et unam sanctam catholicam et apostolicam ecclesiam Latin: "The one, holy, universal and apostolic Church" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:12 view
3 he Mulligan Amanda Visconti 2015-06-14 15:49 view
31 Albert Edward King Edward VII's official title while his mother, the long-lived Queen Victoria, held the throne. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 ashplant a walking-stick Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:18 view
30 emir a noble in a Middle Eastern country Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:33 view
28 subjective and objective genitive subjective and objective genitive are the declensions of the Latin nouns (declensions are to nouns sort of what conjugations are to verbs; the declension of a noun indicates how it is being used in a sentence) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:06 view
13 the Upanishads The Upanishads are Hindu writings Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:25 view
27 Hockey Field (not ice) hockey Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:13 view
10 No, mother Stephen revolts against the image of his reproachful mother, whose guilt threatens Stephen's sense of independence from the stultifying confines of religion and Irish tradition. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:29 view
25 beldam old woman, crone Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:17 view
8 hired mute a person hired to appear as a mourner at a funeral (Lalouette's is assumedly a funeral parlor) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:33 view
24 That phrase ''Another victory like that and we are done for''; Stephen imagines the sentence being spoken. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:23 view
25 Kingstown pier From the boys' laughter, obviously a popular place for spooning with girls. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:21 view
7 tin money/fortune Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:36 view
6 breeks breeches (pants) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-15 10:57 view
6 threadbare cuffedge Mulligan has given Stephen some of his old clothing and shoes. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:39 view
3 grained and hued like pale oak Harry Blamires' The New Bloomsday Book suggests this is an allusion to the Trojan Horse meant to clue us to Mulligan's duplicitous nature. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-30 17:37 view
16 blow him out Mulligan says he's been singing Stephen's praises to Haines. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 09:22 view
4 a black panther Haines' dream foreshadows the arrival of main character Leopold Bloom in the story; Bloom, a Jewish Dubliner, social misfit, and outcast from his own home, is often described as a sort of "dark horse" Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:43 view
21 Westmeath an area in the middle of Ireland Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:39 view
84 Simon Simon Dedalus, who is Stephen Dedalus' father Amanda Visconti 2015-03-04 20:15 view
4 Saxon Antiquated term for an English person (England was populated by Saxons before the William of Normandy introduced the French) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:07 view
20 They Haines and Mulligan on their way home Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:46 view
72 Love's                                        Old                                        Sweet                                        Song                                        Comes lo-ve’s old... Centered text (e.g. lyrics) throughout the book should be centered but with left-alignment within centering, like this. The Modenist Versions Project doesn't include this typographical choice, so I'll be manually fixing these as I progress through the book (see the news section on the front page to know which chapters have been fixed.) Amanda Visconti 2015-03-17 11:39 view
33 May I Stephen's interior monologue contains phrases from the letter he is skimming Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:18 view
18 He himself Haines confused as to whether Hamlet or Stephen is referred to as the ghost of his own father Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:58 view
31 black north the north of Ireland was notorious for its religious and native Irish vs. British violence (thus, ''black'') Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:28 view
20 grim displeasure Stephen's displeasure may be caused both by memory of his refusal to pray with his dying mother, and by the failure of his free-willed self to be as successful as those who serve other masters Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:15 view
31 lump the cash Stephen has on hand Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:30 view
17 Latin quarter hat Stephen wears an unfashionable hat, possibly obtained while studying in the student area of Paris Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:19 view
28 Moors Algebra is an Arabic (archaic "Moorish") invention Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:08 view
12 When I makes tea I makes tea A humorous Irish folkloric figure, possibly created by Mulligan, but presented to Haines half-mockingly as valid cultural material for his book. Mulligan couches vulgar anecdotes as Irish folklore, subtly mocking Ireland's ability to produce any nobel or heroic mythology. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:26 view
26 Turn over Stephen knows the boy is sneaking glances at the text he was supposed to have memorized, and allows him to turn the page when he needs to; the boy pretends to not know what Stephen is talking about Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:15 view
10 Her secrets Stephen moves from images of the trifles May left behind (e.g. dancecards hinting at a life before she was a mother) to imagined memories from May's childhood. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:30 view
25 What then Repeating his witticism for Haines and Mulligan would only make Stephen into a jester or servant, offering up his mind in return for a little laughter. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:18 view
8 the Mater and Richmond Irish hospitals (Mulligan is a medical student) Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:34 view
24 Cochrane One of Stephen's students (the setting has changed to the day school where Stephen teaches) Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 13:24 view
7 a symbol of Irish art Stephen sees Irish art is an attempt to mirror the real, marred by the Irish artist's toadying to the British ideal of art. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:37 view
5 hyperborean living in or from the far north; from a mythical race that lived beyond the north wind Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:40 view
23 Home also I cannot go. Stephen has about had it with Mulligan, and does not feel he could return to the tower to sleep (there is also the problem of no longer having the key); "home", now referring to the place his immediate family lives, is also not an option -- the family has broken up after May's death, and there is possibly some anger there over Stephen's refusal to pray for her. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:33 view
18 Elsinore. That beetles o'er his base into the sea Description of the main setting of Shakespeare's play Hamlet, the castle Elsinore. Amanda Visconti 2015-02-23 12:09 view
3 preacher's tone Mulligan continues to mock the mass Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:44 view
21 Two men Two men are watching the water, looking for the body of a man who drowned about nine days ago. Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:43 view
37 Ineluctable This entire episode (Episode 3, "Proteus") is the inner monologue of Stephen Dedalus as he walks along a beach. Amanda Visconti 2015-03-05 09:44 view
34 Who has not? i.e. Who has not sinned in some way? Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:14 view
19 Mercury's hat The description of Mulligan's hat as Mercury's points both to the fleetness of his capering, but also to his willingness to behave mercurially (i.e. changefully) in order to remain in control of situations Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 22:51 view
79 fifty pounds a year Salary, not body weight Amanda Visconti 2015-03-18 09:57 view
32 foot and mouth disease a plague affecting cattle and other animals Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:21 view
23 Liliata rutilantium.Turma circumdet.Jubilantium te virginum. Part of the Catholic liturgy for the dying, spoken at the deathbed of May, Stephen's mother Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:04 view
31 fenians members of organizations focusing on freeing Ireland from British rule Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:29 view
18 O, shade of Kinch the elder! Mulligan laughs, picturing the differences between Stephen's charismatic father and Stephen; Japhet, one of Noah's sons, reinforces the father-son relationship motif Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:16 view
30 The seas' ruler an epithet used earlier on Haines, referring to the British imperialist control of the seas Amanda Visconti 2015-02-01 12:32 view
15 stony Mulligan is "as dry as stone" and needs a drink Amanda Visconti 2015-01-31 23:21 view
3 Chrysostomos S. Bazargan suggests that this is a reference to Stephen or Joyce himself. See http://goo.gl/Vxt51u amWard 2015-04-30 00:23 view
62 Some people believe, he said, that we go on on living in another body after death, that we lived before. They call it reincarnation. Reincarnation isn't the same as metempsychosis. The former requires death to move into a different form, the latter doesn't Apathetic Star 2015-04-16 10:36 view
152 Wanted smart lady typist to aid gentleman in literary work. References an ad Bloom placed in the Irish Times. Martha responds to help him with his "literary work" Apathetic Star 2015-04-15 12:58 view
37 iambs Stephen has made a mistake. The syllables are trochees (stressed syllable, unstressed syllable), not iambs (unstressed syllable, stressed syllable, made famous by Shakespearean verse). Despite his intellectualism, Stephen DOES make mistakes Apathetic Star 2015-04-15 21:29 view
74 I do wish I could punish you for that. I called you naughty boy Bloom enjoys the "D" and "S" of BDSM - discipline and submission. See "Circe" for an extended scene. Apathetic Star 2015-04-15 12:55 view
279 Prrprr.      Must be the bur.      Fff. Oo. Rrpr.      Nations of the earth. No-one behind. She’s passed. Then and not till then. Tram. Kran, kran, kran. Good oppor. Coming. Krandlkrankran. I’m sure it’s the burgund. Yes. One, two. Let my epitaph be. Kraaaaaaaa. Written. I have. Pprrpffrrppfff.      Done This narrates Bloom farting just a little bit ("Pprrp. Fff. Oo."), making sure the lady behind him didn't hear, and deciding to hold it in until the "Kran kran kran" of the upcoming tram offers "a good oppor"[tunity] to cover it with a loud noise. When it brakes ("Krraaaaaaa") he lets loose ("PPrrrpprrfffprrff"). This chapter, "Sirens," is the music chapter, so ending it with Bloom's windy instrument is not only funny but thematically appropriate. Apathetic Star 2015-04-15 14:21 view
75 MARTHA Considering that Bloom's wife is named "Marion" and his mistress is named "Martha," one could consider Bloom as either a Christ figure (in the home of Mary and Martha) or as Lazarus, the brother, or potentially both - Bloom as resurrector and resurrected. See next chapter for explicit references to Lazarus and resurrection Apathetic Star 2015-04-15 12:51 view
74 world See page 152 for explication Apathetic Star 2015-04-15 13:03 view
61 A strip of torn envelope peeped from under the dimpled pillow. In the act of going he stayed to straighten the bedspread.      — Who was the letter from? he asked.      Bold hand. Marion.      — O, Boylan, she said [Spoiler Alert] We later learn that Blazes Boylan is a man with whom Molly is having an affair, hence the attempt to hide the letter out of sight and brush it off as a work-related matter - even though Bloom already knows about the extra-marital relations. He himself is also engaged in a (solely) epistolary affair with a woman named Martha Clifford, whose letter to Bloom we see in the next chapter. This marks an instance that slips by, but it actually contains a lot of information on the upcoming narrative and insight into the Blooms' marriage. Apathetic Star 2015-04-15 12:25 view
59 Sandow’s exercises Eugen Sandow is considered the first modern bodybuilder, and he published fitness magazines and books in which he outlines his personal strength-building regimen. We see Sandow's Strength and How to Obtain It on Bloom's bookshelf in "Ithaca." Apathetic Star 2015-04-21 13:39 view
152 called you naughty darling because I do not like that other world Bloom quoting Martha's letter from earlier. Note the misspelling of "word" as "world" - whoever Martha is, she is not a very good typist, even though she responded to Bloom's ad in the hopes of employment as one Apathetic Star 2015-04-15 13:02 view
245 Rebound of garter. Simply a cool way of saying re-dressing, or ending a sexual/seductive situation.. perhaps not actually re-dressing but the garter snapping back in place implies an ending of sexual possibility, the garter is back and not to be seen/removed ariadne89 2015-03-04 19:49 view
245 A jumping rose on satiny breasts of satin, A very sort of classic, traditional, stereotypical way of describing the female body/female love interest.. think love sonnets etc. This is interesting. Really clashes with the other language here about the sirens? Horrid, picking nails etc (not exactly soft and beautiful) What is the meaning of this contrast? Surely it is intentional... ariadne89 2015-03-04 19:48 view
4 jejune jesuit Mulligan is alliterating as well. Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 12:44 view
31 put on his topboots to ride to Dublin This is one of the best in-jokes in the book. The actual MP, Sir John Blackwood reportedly *died* in the act of putting on his boots to go to vote *against* the act of Union. (see Jeri Johnson, p. 779) Armagan Ekici 2015-03-22 08:03 view
10 dancecards A dancecard was a card used in a ball with a list of dance partners. Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 14:09 view
4 Malachi Mulligan Gogarty commented that Joyce made him into a "stage Irish" as Malachi Mulligan. Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 12:40 view
6 g. p. i. "General paralysis of the insane" was a form of madness specifically related to syphilis at that time. This discussion (whether Joyce/Stephen had syphilis) is continuing even today: http://goo.gl/1SWMAO Armagan Ekici 2015-03-22 07:44 view
9 holding down the long dark chords Was he playing the guitar or the piano? Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 14:08 view
158 the vegetarian I suspect that Bloom's ideas about consequences of vegetarian eating in this paragraph has to do with "Hiltl" in Zürich, "Europe's oldest vegetarian restaurant". Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 12:10 view
14 Is there Gaelic on you One of the examples of Gaelic grammar seeping into English. Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 12:28 view
20 It is mine, I paid the rent. One of the tricky points. The common interpretation is Stephen paid the rent to the tower, and Mulligan is "usurping" the tower from him by taking the key. In real life, it was Gogarty who paid the rent; perhaps Joyce was taking some kind of revenge by reversing the situation. An alternative explanation is that it is Mulligan who paid the rent, and what we read here is Mulligan's voice ringing in Stephen's mind. This would square better with the real-life situation, and the later revelation of Stephen's debt of nine pounds (more than twice his salary) to Mulligan. Armagan Ekici 2015-03-22 07:30 view
3 Thanks, old chap, he cried briskly. That will do nicely. Switch off the current, will you? Jorn Barger's interpretation: Mulligan is thanking God ("old chap") for the miracle of the shrill whistles answering from nowhere just in time for his Mass parody. Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 12:22 view
7 jalap to Zulus Mulligan is alliterating again. Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 14:07 view
3 fearful "fearful": Gifford reads this as "frightening" (people, including Mulligan, were afraid of the erudition of Jesuits), Thornton as "afraid" (with reference to Romeo and Juliet:``Romeo, come forth, come forth thou fearful man"). `"Afraid" is more in the spirit of other lines of Mulligan. Yet, in the French translation approved by Joyce it is "abominable" and it is unlikely that Joyce would miss something like that in the first page. Perhaps the double meaning was intentional. Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 12:00 view
13 collector I interpret the sense of "collector" as the "tax collector" here - the Jewish god demands payment of prepuces. Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 12:27 view
31 guinea A guinea was an old gold coin, worth slightly more than one pound sterling (21 shillings - 1.05 pound). The coin itself was not in circulation at that time but it was still used as a unit in betting on horses and in "aristocratic" contracts. Joyce himself made a point of borrowing in gentlemanly guineas, and so does Stephen. The subtlety of a contract in guineas being more upper class is also present in "A Mother" in Dubliners. Armagan Ekici 2015-03-22 07:23 view
3 Chrysostomos. Here's a picture of Chrysostomos (from Hagia Sophia in Istanbul): http://goo.gl/V30Bw5 Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 12:20 view
7 To ourselves "To ourselves" is the English translation of the slogan "Sinn Fein". Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 14:06 view
11 Cockney accent In "Circe", the King himself (Edward VII) sings this song, presumably without the Cockney accent. Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 12:26 view
5 hyperborean By using "hyperborean" in the sense of "disbeliever", Mulligan is alluding to the introduction of Nietzsche's "Antichrist", which was a very new book at that time. He will allude to Nietzsche once more at the end of the chapter. Armagan Ekici 2015-03-26 17:35 view
11 Janey Mack Mulligan is repeatedly taking pains not to"swear" (by mentioning the name of Jesus) in the presence of Haines. It is more a question of polite manners than avoiding blasphemy, since he is extremely blasphemous throughout the book. Armagan Ekici 2015-03-21 14:11 view
24 — You, Cochrane, what city sent for him? It seems history, we've already seen, is to blame; here, Stephen is obliged to teach history, toward which he holds a certain aversion, as will soon be established. A widespread re-evaluation of history and its significance concerned many modernist artists, including James Joyce. History therefore becomes an important motif in Ulysses. bbogle 2015-03-26 11:37 view
71 Brutus is an honourable man Julius Caeser allusion. bbogle 2015-03-30 05:18 view
77 Martin Cunningham Appears in "Grace" in Dubliners. Resembles William Shakespeare in countenance. A good-souled man married to a tosspot harridan. bbogle 2015-04-14 15:56 view
90 Crofton Reticent character in "Ivy Day in the Committee Room," fat, conservative, inclined to take a superior attitude toward his fellow Dubliners; said to be too reserved and therefore not much of a canvasser. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:43 view
87 Hynes Joe Hynes appeared in Ivy Day in the Committee Room in Dubliners. In Ulysses he is apparently writing for the Freeman's Journal. bbogle 2015-04-20 16:09 view
35 Irish Homestead George Russell (AE) is associated with (editor of, 1905-23) The Irish Homestead. When Stephen goes to the National Library (Scylla and Charybdis), it is to deliver this letter of Deasy's to AE. bbogle 2015-05-28 12:21 view
89 He’s coming in the afternoon. Blazes Boylan. Why Bloom will lack the strength to return home too early this night. bbogle 2015-04-21 16:29 view
20 It seems history is to blame. Haines' and Stephen's views of history are vastly different. See also the divergent philosophies of history spelled out in Nestor. bbogle 2015-03-21 12:16 view
37 nacheinander Nacheinander is associated with the sequentiality of time, while nebeneiander is associated with parallel paths through space; furthermore, Stephen associates time with hearing, because we hear one sound after another, and space with seeing, because we see in many directions at once. Working out these associations is one of the keys to unlocking Proteus. See also A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, p 212. bbogle 2015-03-23 17:13 view
221 points of vantage An echo of "coign of vantage" expression used by Stephen Dedalus when imaging a visit to the Richie Goulding house in Proteus. bbogle 2015-06-10 13:43 view
56 joggerfry. I.e., geography. bbogle 2015-03-24 15:13 view
29 illdyed Illdyed ≈ Iliad? bbogle 2015-03-26 13:07 view
36 On his wise shoulders through the checkerwork of leaves the sun flung spangles, dancing coins. Going completely subjective: simply a lovely sentence. Notice how the episode ends, regardless, with one last grace note ringing a major motif of this episode: coins. bbogle 2015-03-30 05:49 view
80 candles melting Recall Buck Mulligan's abortive joke about the melting candle in Telemachus: the cause of the blushes she might wish to hide. bbogle 2015-04-15 16:44 view
90 Elvery’s elephant house Sellers of waterproof cloaks, etc. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:54 view
50 Shells Comparing his teeth to shells connects them to the many other mentions of shells in this episode, affiliated with the seaside as well as to Deasy's preoccupation with money in Nestor. bbogle 2015-05-20 23:15 view
25 ghoststory A ghost story is much on Stephen's mind: the recurring vision of his dead mother, and of her death. The riddle he tells the class might be construed as an age-appropriate version of this ghost story. bbogle 2015-05-28 09:14 view
50 My teeth are very bad. Why, I wonder? Feel. That one is going too. Shells. After all that business about chrysostomos in Telemachus it's only now, in the third episode, that we discover that Joyce (and Stephen) was setting up this dichotomy; that is, it is in part because of Stephen's bad teeth that he was sensitive to Buck's golden teeth, even, white and glittering. Stephen was not only describing but contrasting, presumably reflecting on the injustice of the situation. Thus at this line about Stephen's teeth, so far removed from the original observation, we suddenly have a new interpretation, or way of understanding, what had been informing Stephen's thoughts much earlier. How we understood at least one part of Telemachus is subtly altered. Of course by widely distributing meanings and interpretations throughout the entire text of Ulysses Joyce insures that our understanding of the whole is constantly being challenged. This technique makes the book more life-like and keeps us coming back to it as we slowly fall under, and eventually fully succumb to, the spell which Joyce weaves. bbogle 2015-04-27 21:20 view
68 At eleven it is. That is, he has confirmed the hour of Dignam's funeral. bbogle 2015-06-07 18:49 view
46 bearish No,'tis like unto a bear. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:18 view
220 16 June 1904 Now we know on what day the action of Ulysses takes place. bbogle 2015-06-25 05:39 view
53 : Note how marked colonicity informs this episode. bbogle 2015-03-24 16:10 view
69 Sleep six months out of twelve. The intrusive indolence of the land of the lotus-eaters begins to settle into this episode already. bbogle 2015-03-29 05:38 view
7 Young shouts of moneyed voices in Clive Kempthorpe's rooms. Here Buck professes a readiness to abuse Haines if it will please Stephen. Stephen never went to Oxford and never met Clive Kempthorpe, but Buck did. Earlier Buck flattered Stephen, speaking from experience: "You have the real Oxford manner." Buck and Haines likely met at Oxford. Buck has previously told Stephen the story of Clive Kempthorpe's brutal hazing there, and he may well have participated in that ugly event. Stephen's ability to visualize the story he's heard second- or third-hand, populating it with rich detail ― including the presence of a deaf gardener outside (probably his Matthew Arnold face is intended to help fix the scene at Oxford) ― is remarkable. (Note that Arnold's 1860 work, On Translating Homer, might alone boost his significance to Joyce.) bbogle 2015-05-12 21:09 view
92 like little Rudy’s was Not uncommonly, first time readers of Ulysses are put off by Bloom's dalliance with Martha Clifford and as various aspects of his character are revealed in The Louts Eaters. But as more of his back story emerges in Hades, a new sympathy begins to emerge. Reassessment follows. bbogle 2015-05-21 18:46 view
26 an actuality of the possible as possible Stephen reflecting on the unfolding of history, of individual actualities precipitating out of a sea of potentialities in an indeterminate universe; or is the universe determinant, so that everything that happens unfolds as if by clockwork? bbogle 2015-05-28 11:36 view
687 10 years Corresponds to the ten years in which Odysseus was absent from Penelope. bbogle 2015-06-01 10:10 view
210 Five to three. (Re: comment by Tim Finnegan: Assuming his watch is accurately set. It appears to be.) The importance of baldly stating an exact, or near-exact, time is that it allows us to reasonably accurately synchronize all the activity of the 19 sections of Wandering Rocks. A few other exact, or near-exact, timestamps which are relevant to this episode may also be found in Sirens and Penelope. No doubt Mr Joyce directly stated the time in the very first paragraph deliberately to signal to us that we *could* synchronize all the action. Synchronizations in space and time are central to a deeper understanding of this pivoting mid-book episode, although it can also be read more superficially with considerable enjoyment. bbogle 2015-06-08 18:53 view
46 vulturing Or a vulture. In any event, quite mutable, this dog. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:26 view
5 The bard Referring to Stephen's literary interest and talents, but also linking Stephen to Shakespeare. bbogle 2015-03-26 07:23 view
71 Bantam Lyons Appears as "Mr Lyons" in "Ivy Day in the Committee Room" in Dubliners. bbogle 2015-03-30 05:08 view
75 meaning of that word As Molly had asked him for the meaning of the word metempsychosis: consulting Bloom the lexicologist. bbogle 2015-04-14 15:20 view
90 O’Callaghan Gifford: either a disbarred attorney now selling bootlaces or (maybe more probably) an elaborate dramatic embodiment of "a brief and once-popular two-act farce" called "His Last Legs.: bbogle 2015-05-07 19:32 view
7 aproned The garb of a craftsman, one who creates, an artist. bbogle 2015-05-12 21:39 view
88 Crosbie and Alleyne Mr Alleyne is a prominent supporting character in Counterparts in Dubliners. Crosbie and Alleyne's is a firm of solicitors. bbogle 2015-04-20 18:23 view
31 Croppies lie down Title of a Protestant, anti-Catholic rebel song. https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=44&v=orLeh3GsY6s bbogle 2015-05-28 12:02 view
34 History, Stephen said, is a nightmare from which I am trying to awake. Depicted herein is the clash between visions of a theory, or philosophy, of progressive history and a Modernist conception of a more chaotic theory of history. See, for example, the ninth thesis of Walter Benjamin's "Theses on the Philosophy of History," which may be found here: http://pages.ucsd.edu/~rfrank/class_web/ES-200A/Week%202/benjamin_ps.pdf Here, at the critical crystallization of Stephen's thoughts on the matter, it's worth recalling that it was Haines' casual comment that "it seems history is to blame" has triggered most of Stephen's thinking in Nestor. bbogle 2015-03-21 10:47 view
29 It is very simple Stephen struggled with sums when he was Sargent's age, as shown in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. bbogle 2015-03-23 17:00 view
224 The gates of the drive opened wide to give egress to the viceregal cavalcade. Compare to passage in Ithaca (http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/651) and Stephen Dedalus' consideration of the difference between a gate and a door in Proteus. bbogle 2015-06-10 13:26 view
53 with relish With zest, or the condiment? bbogle 2015-03-24 14:30 view
321 ow! Ows and ahs: a gonorrheal urination. bbogle 2015-06-27 08:54 view
18 The Father and the Son idea. The Son striving to be atoned with the Father. Also an allusion to the Odyssean thrust of this episode: that the son Telemachus (Stephen) seeks atonement with Odysseus (Bloom). bbogle 2015-03-26 08:09 view
24 Vico Road Actual road, but also an allusion to Giambattista Vico who elaborated a cyclical view of history. See all of Finnegans Wake for more information. bbogle 2015-03-26 11:55 view
71 braided drums Probably the braids on the back of her gloves. See: http://www.jjon.org/joyce-s-words/drums. Within Ulysses, see also, in Circe: http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/442 bbogle 2015-03-30 05:34 view
90 Jury’s Jury's Commercial and Family Hotel. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:45 view
44 A bloated carcase of a dog "Dogsbody" physicalized. bbogle 2015-05-20 22:47 view
96 Childs Samuel Childs tried and acquitted of murdering his seventy-six-year-old brother, Thomas. bbogle 2015-05-24 10:49 view
20 brazen Of bronze and insolent. bbogle 2015-03-21 12:23 view
45 dog Enter the protean dog. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:11 view
58 A cloud began to cover the sun wholly slowly wholly. The same cloud observed by Stephen in Telemachus (http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/9)., synchronizing the Telemachiad with the Wanderings of Ulysses. bbogle 2015-03-24 15:54 view
32 foot and mouth disease Gilbert (pp 112-3) purports that Deasy's interest in cattle relates to the association between the home of Nestor near the River Alpheus, commonly associated with oxen. bbogle 2015-03-26 13:51 view
84 Mr Power It was Jack Power who rescued Tom Kernan from an unfortunate brush with the law in "Grace" in Dubliners. bbogle 2015-04-15 17:47 view
42 their mouths yellowed An echo of the Chrysostomos material of Telemachus. bbogle 2015-05-12 20:31 view
92 Nelson’s pillar Another prominent statue. Easiest to quote Gifford directly: In the middle of Sackville (now O'Connell) Street, a column 121 feet tall, surmounted by a thirteen-foot statue of Admiral Lord Nelson (1758-1805). In the early twentieth century most of the electric trams that served Dublin and its suburbs started from Nelson's Pillar. The monument was rather ineptly destroyed by Irish patriots in 1966 on the fiftieth anniversary of the Easter 1916 Uprising. bbogle 2015-05-21 17:55 view
24 the daughters of memory Haines' earlier casual comment in Telemachus about history being to blame has triggered many of Stephen's subsequent thoughts this day concerning the meaning, significance, and (un)reality of what we call history. Nestor is thematically concerned with history's fables leading so often to violence. To go deeper down this particular rabbit hole, see this 1902 essay by Joyce about the Irish poet James Clarence Mangan. A search on the page for the word daughters reveals the relevant paragraph. http://andromeda.rutgers.edu/~ehrlich/382/MANGAN1 bbogle 2015-05-28 10:10 view
62 Bath of the Nymph Bloom regards the portrayal of a bathing nymph hung over the bed. Who is Calypso in this episode: Molly or the depicted nymph? bbogle 2015-06-01 09:53 view
163 Nosey Flynn said from his nook. "Nosey Flynn was sitting up in his usual corner of Davy Byrne's..." From "Counterparts" in Dubliners. bbogle 2015-06-08 10:06 view
46 calf Somewhat bovine as well. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:19 view
319 Love Because Bloom is not the point of view character in Cyclops, it's easy to forget how very heavily the rendezvous between Boylan and Molly, begun more or less an hour earlier, is weighing on his mind during this episode. When Bloom's words and actions are read in that context, a deeper pathos emerges. bbogle 2015-06-25 06:26 view
90 Mary Anderson As per Gifford: "the World-Renowned Actress, Miss Mary Anderson (Madame de Marano) in the Balcony Scene from 'Romeo and Juliet,' etc. etc." bbogle 2015-05-07 18:53 view
75 he read the letter again Note that Bloom reads and re-reads as a deliberate means of memorizing text; the same behavior we saw with the Milly letter in Calypso. bbogle 2015-04-17 12:07 view
7 ox This bovine ceremony, rife with ritual violence, suggests foreshadowing of the Nestor episode, as well as Oxen of the Sun. We may also consider that Leopold Bloom has been psychically gelded. This little imagining of Stephen's probably bears more weight than is superficially apparent. bbogle 2015-05-12 21:30 view
94 Mrs Riordan "Dante" from A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. bbogle 2015-05-21 18:59 view
28 The only true thing in life? Stephen remembering Cranly's words and argument from Portrait. bbogle 2015-05-28 11:41 view
542 Time’s livid final flame leaps and, in the following darkness, ruin of all space, shattered glass and toppling masonry. Compare this Blakean passage to Nestor, http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/24 bbogle 2015-03-23 15:36 view
209 Laud we the gods And let our crooked smokes climb to their nostrils From our bless'd altars. Did you enjoy that, gentle first-time reader? Did you have fun? I hope so, because that's it for the kiddie rides. Scylla and Charybdis is the first climax of Ulysses, the first summing-up, a tentative balancing of accounts. Next we pass through the central carousel-carousal that is Wandering Rocks, slowly rotating on its axis: time to catch your breath while it turns through 90 degrees, 180, 270, 360, and then you step off and, what? Huh? Wait! The kiddie carnival is gone! All is strictly adult entertainment from here on in. So keep your hands in the vehicle at all times. Not responsible for lost personal items or innocence. Hold on tight! Here goes! bbogle 2015-06-08 23:12 view
48 O, touch me soon, now. See also Hades, when Bloom recalls probable occasion of conception of Rudy. http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/86 bbogle 2015-03-23 18:43 view
321 letting off my load Our friend Joyce vividly illustrating another physiological function in Ulysses: the act of micturation. bbogle 2015-06-27 08:51 view
23 I will not sleep here tonight. Like Telemachus, Stephen (alternatively Hamlet/Shakespeare/Telemachus) has been thrust from his home and into his quest, thus initiating the dynamic action of the drama; unlike Telemachus, Stephen is not consciously aware that the object of his quest is a father-figure. bbogle 2015-03-26 07:47 view
18 Japhet in search of a father! Japhet: son of Noah and progenitor of European nations. But also Telemachus (Stephen) in search of Odysseus (Bloom). Why should Mulligan compare Stephen to Japhet? Perhaps because Stephen had once declared his intention "to forge in the smithy of my soul the uncreated conscience of my race." bbogle 2015-03-26 08:21 view
70 Holohan. You know Hoppy? Hoppy Holohan appears in "A Mother" in Dubliners: <<MR HOLOHAN, assistant secretary of the Eire Abu Society, had been walking up and down Dublin for nearly a month, with his hands and pockets full of dirty pieces of paper, arranging about the series of concerts. He had a game leg and for this his friends called him Hoppy Holohan. He walked up and down constantly, stood by the hour at street corners arguing the point and made notes; but in the end it was Mrs. Kearney who arranged everything.>> bbogle 2015-03-30 05:17 view
77 Martin Cunningham Appears in "Grace" in Dubliners. Resembles William Shakespeare in countenance. A good-souled man married to a tosspot harridan. bbogle 2015-04-14 15:56 view
90 Crofton Reticent character in "Ivy Day in the Committee Room," fat, conservative, inclined to take a superior attitude toward his fellow Dubliners; said to be too reserved and therefore not much of a canvasser. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:43 view
35 Irish Homestead George Russell (AE) is associated with (editor of, 1905-23) The Irish Homestead. When Stephen goes to the National Library (Scylla and Charybdis), it is to deliver this letter of Deasy's to AE. bbogle 2015-05-28 12:21 view
89 He’s coming in the afternoon. Blazes Boylan. Why Bloom will lack the strength to return home too early this night. bbogle 2015-04-21 16:29 view
20 It seems history is to blame. Haines' and Stephen's views of history are vastly different. See also the divergent philosophies of history spelled out in Nestor. bbogle 2015-03-21 12:16 view
37 nacheinander Nacheinander is associated with the sequentiality of time, while nebeneiander is associated with parallel paths through space; furthermore, Stephen associates time with hearing, because we hear one sound after another, and space with seeing, because we see in many directions at once. Working out these associations is one of the keys to unlocking Proteus. See also A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, p 212. bbogle 2015-03-23 17:13 view
221 points of vantage An echo of "coign of vantage" expression used by Stephen Dedalus when imaging a visit to the Richie Goulding house in Proteus. bbogle 2015-06-10 13:43 view
56 Ahbeesee defeegee kelomen opeecue rustyouvee double you. I.e., Abc dfg klomn opq rstouv w. bbogle 2015-03-24 15:12 view
286 Ah! Ow! Don’t be talking! As will be later revealed (http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/321), these Ahs and ows are sound effects which accompany the urination of our gonorrheic unnamed narrator. David Hayman proposes that at least this part of the tale of Bloom in the Cyclops' sordid den is being recounted by the speaker and his auditor(s) while both are engaged in pissing. bbogle 2015-06-27 09:16 view
29 illdyed Illdyed ≈ Iliad? bbogle 2015-03-26 13:07 view
36 On his wise shoulders through the checkerwork of leaves the sun flung spangles, dancing coins. Going completely subjective: simply a lovely sentence. Notice how the episode ends, regardless, with one last grace note ringing a major motif of this episode: coins. bbogle 2015-03-30 05:49 view
80 candles melting Recall Buck Mulligan's abortive joke about the melting candle in Telemachus: the cause of the blushes she might wish to hide. bbogle 2015-04-15 16:44 view
90 the hugecloaked Liberator’s form Statue of Daniel O'Connell (1775-1847) at O'Connell Bridge. Fought for and won Catholic representation in the British Parliament. Arrested and imprisoned for sedition and conspiracy. Alleged cousin of John O'Connell, great grandfather of James Joyce. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:52 view
91 I wish to Christ The Christian sentiment expressed here is doubtful. bbogle 2015-05-13 22:54 view
50 Shells Comparing his teeth to shells connects them to the many other mentions of shells in this episode, affiliated with the seaside as well as to Deasy's preoccupation with money in Nestor. bbogle 2015-05-20 23:15 view
176 U Of this episode, Robert Kellogg said: "Formally, 'Scylla and Charybdis' is a mock-Socratic dialogue, with something of the Quaker meeting and theosophic seance added." Hard to sum it up better than that. bbogle 2015-05-28 08:27 view
81 her skin First time readers, when they come to Lotus Eaters, sometimes (often) begin to conceive of Bloom as something of a philandering blackguard because of his illicit correspondence with Martha and his sneaking around, ogling women. These same readers usually begin to temper these uncharitable impressions about the time they read a few certain passages in Hades. Joyce is building a tower of expectations and beliefs in his readers which he shall, in due course, tear down, thereby strengthening considerably our sympathy for Mr Bloom. To begin to come to Leo's defense...You will note that throughout the day he never long stops thinking about Molly, in past or present tense, sometimes with humor, but never without admiration. He would never consider actually meeting Martha and consummating this flirtatious correspondence. Would Molly remain so true to him? We shall see. bbogle 2015-06-07 18:46 view
46 a buck Or no; how like unto a buck. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:17 view
53 : Note how marked colonicity informs this episode. bbogle 2015-03-24 16:10 view
69 Sleep six months out of twelve. The intrusive indolence of the land of the lotus-eaters begins to settle into this episode already. bbogle 2015-03-29 05:38 view
7 Young shouts of moneyed voices in Clive Kempthorpe's rooms. Here Buck professes a readiness to abuse Haines if it will please Stephen. Stephen never went to Oxford and never met Clive Kempthorpe, but Buck did. Earlier Buck flattered Stephen, speaking from experience: "You have the real Oxford manner." Buck and Haines likely met at Oxford. Buck has previously told Stephen the story of Clive Kempthorpe's brutal hazing there, and he may well have participated in that ugly event. Stephen's ability to visualize the story he's heard second- or third-hand, populating it with rich detail ― including the presence of a deaf gardener outside (probably his Matthew Arnold face is intended to help fix the scene at Oxford) ― is remarkable. (Note that Arnold's 1860 work, On Translating Homer, might alone boost his significance to Joyce.) bbogle 2015-05-12 21:09 view
92 Foundation stone for Parnell. Another statue reference. The base of Parnell's monument was erected 8 October 1899; the statue itself would only be added in 1911. Anyone making it this far into Ulysses without knowing Parnell's history should really stop now and do some independent research. bbogle 2015-05-21 18:37 view
26 an actuality of the possible as possible Stephen reflecting on the unfolding of history, of individual actualities precipitating out of a sea of potentialities in an indeterminate universe; or is the universe determinant, so that everything that happens unfolds as if by clockwork? bbogle 2015-05-28 11:36 view
687 10 years Corresponds to the ten years in which Odysseus was absent from Penelope. bbogle 2015-06-01 10:10 view
210 Five to three. (Re: comment by Tim Finnegan: Assuming his watch is accurately set. It appears to be.) The importance of baldly stating an exact, or near-exact, time is that it allows us to reasonably accurately synchronize all the activity of the 19 sections of Wandering Rocks. A few other exact, or near-exact, timestamps which are relevant to this episode may also be found in Sirens and Penelope. No doubt Mr Joyce directly stated the time in the very first paragraph deliberately to signal to us that we *could* synchronize all the action. Synchronizations in space and time are central to a deeper understanding of this pivoting mid-book episode, although it can also be read more superficially with considerable enjoyment. bbogle 2015-06-08 18:53 view
46 vulturing Or a vulture. In any event, quite mutable, this dog. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:26 view
3 the tower As in Hamlet, the action commences as characters move among castle turrets, or their counterpart. Soon, as we shall see, thoughts of a ghost will preoccupy Stephen Dedalus, our broody prince. bbogle 2015-03-26 07:20 view
71 Bantam Lyons Appears as "Mr Lyons" in "Ivy Day in the Committee Room" in Dubliners. bbogle 2015-03-30 05:08 view
73 Bob Cowley About him Gifford says: "A 'spoiled priest,' that is, a priest who has drifted out of his calling but not flamboyantly enough to be unfrocked by the Church and not courageously enough to request that he be released from his vows. Cowley appears later in the novel." bbogle 2015-04-14 15:00 view
90 Kicked about like snuff at a wake. I.e., in order to mask the odor of death. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:26 view
86 crust-crumbs Crumbs left scattered at the scene in flagrante delicto, prefiguring the flecks of Plumtree's Potted Meat which eventually will be found to festoon Molly's bed. bbogle 2015-04-17 12:36 view
7 watching narrowly Watching narrowly....Could this be another of Stephen's contemplations on the God of Creation who has refined Himself out of His Work, watching narrowly from the sidelines? A deaf gardener mowing down the grass stems: that would be an interesting metaphor. bbogle 2015-05-12 21:38 view
88 Peake The following sentence from Counterparts, in Dubliners: <<He could remember the way in which Mr. Alleyne had hounded little Peake out of the office in order to make room for his own nephew.>> So obviously Bloom is familiar with the story of that Peake's downfall. bbogle 2015-04-20 18:21 view
31 Glorious, pious and immortal memory. The opening of the Orange Toast of loyal Irish Protestants. See: http://www.finnegansweb.com/wiki/index.php/Orange_Toast bbogle 2015-05-28 11:54 view
3 Chrysostomos chrys[o] = (Greek) gold, golden, golden yellow; + -ostome = (Greek) mouth, orifice; therefore, goldenmouth. Suggests Buck's lofty rhetoric is ornamentation lavished to conceal a plainer soul. bbogle 2015-03-23 16:49 view
83 buoyed lightly upward Recalling his earlier thoughts about the Dead Sea: "Where was the chap I saw in that picture somewhere? Ah, in the dead sea..." See: http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/69 bbogle 2015-06-10 12:43 view
53 with relish With zest, or the condiment? bbogle 2015-03-24 14:30 view
321 ow! Ows and ahs: a gonorrheal urination. bbogle 2015-06-27 08:54 view
18 The Father and the Son idea. The Son striving to be atoned with the Father. Also an allusion to the Odyssean thrust of this episode: that the son Telemachus (Stephen) seeks atonement with Odysseus (Bloom). bbogle 2015-03-26 08:09 view
24 gorescarred That is, gorescarred precisely because it is a book of history, a parade of wars and crimes. At least, the word gorescarred signals to us Stephen's perspective. bbogle 2015-03-26 11:40 view
71 vailed Lowered in submission or feigned respect. See: http://goo.gl/4EMFCj bbogle 2015-03-30 05:26 view
90 Jury’s Jury's Commercial and Family Hotel. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:45 view
88 Paddy Leonard Another character from Dubliners, where he had a bit role in Counterparts. bbogle 2015-04-20 16:15 view
96 Childs Samuel Childs tried and acquitted of murdering his seventy-six-year-old brother, Thomas. bbogle 2015-05-24 10:49 view
20 brazen Of bronze and insolent. bbogle 2015-03-21 12:23 view
45 dog Enter the protean dog. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:11 view
56 Mine. Slieve Bloom. "My" geography, "Slieve Bloom" being an Irish mountain range. bbogle 2015-03-24 15:17 view
32 foot and mouth disease Gilbert (pp 112-3) purports that Deasy's interest in cattle relates to the association between the home of Nestor near the River Alpheus, commonly associated with oxen. bbogle 2015-03-26 13:51 view
84 Mr Power It was Jack Power who rescued Tom Kernan from an unfortunate brush with the law in "Grace" in Dubliners. bbogle 2015-04-15 17:47 view
42 a saucer of acetic acid Vinegar is a dilution of acetic acid, if that helps. bbogle 2015-05-12 20:26 view
92 Nelson’s pillar Another prominent statue. Easiest to quote Gifford directly: In the middle of Sackville (now O'Connell) Street, a column 121 feet tall, surmounted by a thirteen-foot statue of Admiral Lord Nelson (1758-1805). In the early twentieth century most of the electric trams that served Dublin and its suburbs started from Nelson's Pillar. The monument was rather ineptly destroyed by Irish patriots in 1966 on the fiftieth anniversary of the Easter 1916 Uprising. bbogle 2015-05-21 17:55 view
43 Shattered glass and toppling masonry. Compare this Blakean passage to Nestor, http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/24 bbogle 2015-05-28 09:42 view
62 reincarnation Should Odysseus reincarnate as Bloom, and should the process happen repeatedly in the fullness of time, then we have the essential premise of Finnegans Wake. bbogle 2015-06-01 09:45 view
358 See ourselves as others see us. Quoting/paraphrasing a line from the last stanza of Robert Burns. (https://goo.gl/3WZRER). The expression is used by Stephen in Telemachus, and by Bloom in Lestrygonians and Nausicca. bbogle 2015-04-27 22:07 view
68 Oriental The Oriental motif which emerged in Calypso ― although in Proteus Stephen *almost* remembered a recurring dream involving, or associated with, Haroun al Raschid, who reigned in Baghdad during the Islamic Golden Age and is closely associated with the Book of One Thousand and One Nights ― coils cloyingly throughout Lotus Eaters, always carrying with it a wafting insinuation of exotic sensuality, particularly of a sexual proclivity. bbogle 2015-06-07 19:08 view
46 wolf Or mayhap a wolf... bbogle 2015-03-23 18:19 view
233 She is drowning Interesting that the metaphor Stephen latches onto to describe Dilly's plight is "drowning." He feels guilt ― perhaps not elevated to full consciousness ― because he imagines that all his siblings are drowning in poverty and he can do nothing to save them: each one, including Stephen, can only fend for him- or herself. We must reassess what's previously been on his mind when he has thought about drownings, and maybe extend our consideration of the significance of "agenbite of inwit." The guilt he feels is not only related to his mother's death, perhaps, but also to his incapacity of helping his siblings. In Proteus (http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/45) Stephen asked himself if, in certain circumstances, he would try to save a drowning man. Now, in Wandering Rocks, he identifies his own sister in a drowning condition right before him. Does he try to help her? No. bbogle 2015-06-25 06:17 view
90 Mary Anderson As per Gifford: "the World-Renowned Actress, Miss Mary Anderson (Madame de Marano) in the Balcony Scene from 'Romeo and Juliet,' etc. etc." bbogle 2015-05-07 18:53 view
75 he read the letter again Note that Bloom reads and re-reads as a deliberate means of memorizing text; the same behavior we saw with the Milly letter in Calypso. bbogle 2015-04-17 12:07 view
7 ox This bovine ceremony, rife with ritual violence, suggests foreshadowing of the Nestor episode, as well as Oxen of the Sun. We may also consider that Leopold Bloom has been psychically gelded. This little imagining of Stephen's probably bears more weight than is superficially apparent. bbogle 2015-05-12 21:30 view
93 Monday morning start afresh. Shoulder to the wheel. Martin Cunningham as Sisyphus, encountered by Odysseus in Hades. bbogle 2015-05-21 18:51 view
28 The only true thing in life? Stephen remembering Cranly's words and argument from Portrait. bbogle 2015-05-28 11:41 view
542 Time’s livid final flame leaps and, in the following darkness, ruin of all space, shattered glass and toppling masonry. Compare this Blakean passage to Nestor, http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/24 bbogle 2015-03-23 15:36 view
209 Laud we the gods And let our crooked smokes climb to their nostrils From our bless'd altars. Did you enjoy that, gentle first-time reader? Did you have fun? I hope so, because that's it for the kiddie rides. Scylla and Charybdis is the first climax of Ulysses, the first summing-up, a tentative balancing of accounts. Next we pass through the central carousel-carousal that is Wandering Rocks, slowly rotating on its axis: time to catch your breath while it turns through 90 degrees, 180, 270, 360, and then you step off and, what? Huh? Wait! The kiddie carnival is gone! All is strictly adult entertainment from here on in. So keep your hands in the vehicle at all times. Not responsible for lost personal items or innocence. Hold on tight! Here goes! bbogle 2015-06-08 23:12 view
48 O, touch me soon, now. See also Hades, when Bloom recalls probable occasion of conception of Rudy. http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/86 bbogle 2015-03-23 18:43 view
321 cuckoos David Hayman proposes that the use of the word cuckoos synchs the telling of this Cyclopean tale by our unnamed Narrator with the end of Nausicaa; that is, the Narrator is retelling the whole story sometime later in another pub. bbogle 2015-06-27 08:42 view
7 Cough it up. In keeping with the motif of phlegm and expectoration persistent in this episode. bbogle 2015-03-26 07:28 view
70 Holohan. You know Hoppy? Hoppy Holohan appears in "A Mother" in Dubliners: <<MR HOLOHAN, assistant secretary of the Eire Abu Society, had been walking up and down Dublin for nearly a month, with his hands and pockets full of dirty pieces of paper, arranging about the series of concerts. He had a game leg and for this his friends called him Hoppy Holohan. He walked up and down constantly, stood by the hour at street corners arguing the point and made notes; but in the end it was Mrs. Kearney who arranged everything.>> bbogle 2015-03-30 05:17 view
77 the very reverend John Conmee S. J. Rector of Clongowes Wood College when Stephen Dedalus attended; later, prefect of studies at Belvedere College when Stephen attended there. Prominent figure in the Wandering Rocks episode. bbogle 2015-04-14 15:47 view
90 Mrs Fleming Housekeeper for the Bloom homestead. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:34 view
31 Lal the ral the raThe rocky road to Dublin. Another Irish ballad. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jxBKgOyMzSc bbogle 2015-05-28 12:05 view
89 I said I. That is, not "we"; not himself with Molly. He recognizes here -- as we saw with Stephen, who thought along the same lines at the end of Telemachus -- home [also] I cannot go. bbogle 2015-04-21 16:26 view
37 If I fell over a cliff that beetles o'er his base Shakespeare, with allusion to both Hamlet and King Lear. bbogle 2015-03-23 17:06 view
651 For what creature was the door of egress a door of ingress ? Compare to passage in Wandering Rocks (http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/224) and Stephen Dedalus' consideration of the difference between a gate and a door in Proteus. bbogle 2015-06-10 13:28 view
56 Ahbeesee defeegee kelomen opeecue rustyouvee double you. I.e., Abc dfg klomn opq rstouv w. bbogle 2015-03-24 15:12 view
286 Ah! Ow! Don’t be talking! As will be later revealed (http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/321), these Ahs and ows are sound effects which accompany the urination of our gonorrheic unnamed narrator. David Hayman proposes that at least this part of the tale of Bloom in the Cyclops' sordid den is being recounted by the speaker and his auditor(s) while both are engaged in pissing. bbogle 2015-06-27 09:16 view
18 Japhet in search of a father! Japhet: son of Noah and progenitor of European nations. But also Telemachus (Stephen) in search of Odysseus (Bloom). Why should Mulligan compare Stephen to Japhet? Perhaps because Stephen had once declared his intention "to forge in the smithy of my soul the uncreated conscience of my race." bbogle 2015-03-26 08:21 view
27 Sargent Gifford finds no source for the name Sargent. Perhaps it continues the military theme (i.e., "sergeant") begun in the history of Pyrrhus and echoing on in the battle-cries erupting from the hockey field as this episode plays out. bbogle 2015-03-26 12:11 view
442 gauntlets with braided drums Probably the braids on the back of her gloves. See: http://www.jjon.org/joyce-s-words/drums. Within Ulysses, see also, in Lotus-Eaters: http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/71 bbogle 2015-03-30 05:35 view
90 the hugecloaked Liberator’s form Statue of Daniel O'Connell (1775-1847) at O'Connell Bridge. Fought for and won Catholic representation in the British Parliament. Arrested and imprisoned for sedition and conspiracy. Alleged cousin of John O'Connell, great grandfather of James Joyce. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:52 view
91 I wish to Christ The Christian sentiment expressed here is doubtful. bbogle 2015-05-13 22:54 view
37 Signatures of all things I am here to read Jakob Boehme: http://www.sacred-texts.com/eso/sat/index.htm bbogle 2015-05-20 23:07 view
176 U Of this episode, Robert Kellogg said: "Formally, 'Scylla and Charybdis' is a mock-Socratic dialogue, with something of the Quaker meeting and theosophic seance added." Hard to sum it up better than that. bbogle 2015-05-28 08:27 view
81 her skin First time readers, when they come to Lotus Eaters, sometimes (often) begin to conceive of Bloom as something of a philandering blackguard because of his illicit correspondence with Martha and his sneaking around, ogling women. These same readers usually begin to temper these uncharitable impressions about the time they read a few certain passages in Hades. Joyce is building a tower of expectations and beliefs in his readers which he shall, in due course, tear down, thereby strengthening considerably our sympathy for Mr Bloom. To begin to come to Leo's defense...You will note that throughout the day he never long stops thinking about Molly, in past or present tense, sometimes with humor, but never without admiration. He would never consider actually meeting Martha and consummating this flirtatious correspondence. Would Molly remain so true to him? We shall see. bbogle 2015-06-07 18:46 view
46 a buck Or no; how like unto a buck. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:17 view
9 A cloud began to cover the sun slowly The same cloud observed by Bloom in Calypso (http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/58)., synchronizing the Telemachiad with the Wanderings of Ulysses. bbogle 2015-03-24 15:55 view
7 they This puzzled me for a long time. Who are "they?" See comments in following paragraphs. bbogle 2015-05-12 20:39 view
92 Foundation stone for Parnell. Another statue reference. The base of Parnell's monument was erected 8 October 1899; the statue itself would only be added in 1911. Anyone making it this far into Ulysses without knowing Parnell's history should really stop now and do some independent research. bbogle 2015-05-21 18:37 view
37 iambs marching Martial poetic feet: feet marching. See also Joyce's essay on James Clarence Mangan; search on the page for the word iambs. http://andromeda.rutgers.edu/~ehrlich/382/MANGAN1 bbogle 2015-05-28 10:35 view
59 — Poldy! In the following pages note the inversion of traditional domestic roles: this is the palace of feminine authority with the male acting as servant, as was the case when Odysseus was captive to (captivated by) Calypso. bbogle 2015-06-01 10:00 view
23 A voice, sweettoned and sustained, called to him from the sea. Turning the curve he waved his hand. It called again. Mayn't this be conceived of as the first siren's call heard in Ulysses? Aye, it may. bbogle 2015-06-08 10:19 view
46 panther Very much like a panther. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:25 view
3 the tower As in Hamlet, the action commences as characters move among castle turrets, or their counterpart. Soon, as we shall see, thoughts of a ghost will preoccupy Stephen Dedalus, our broody prince. bbogle 2015-03-26 07:20 view
71 Bob Doran Character appearing in "The Boarding House" in Dubliners, where he is trapped in a marriage. Later in Cyclops we'll see him rip-roaring drunk. bbogle 2015-03-30 05:03 view
73 Bob Cowley About him Gifford says: "A 'spoiled priest,' that is, a priest who has drifted out of his calling but not flamboyantly enough to be unfrocked by the Church and not courageously enough to request that he be released from his vows. Cowley appears later in the novel." bbogle 2015-04-14 15:00 view
90 Kicked about like snuff at a wake. I.e., in order to mask the odor of death. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:26 view
86 crust-crumbs Crumbs left scattered at the scene in flagrante delicto, prefiguring the flecks of Plumtree's Potted Meat which eventually will be found to festoon Molly's bed. bbogle 2015-04-17 12:36 view
7 watching narrowly Watching narrowly....Could this be another of Stephen's contemplations on the God of Creation who has refined Himself out of His Work, watching narrowly from the sidelines? A deaf gardener mowing down the grass stems: that would be an interesting metaphor. bbogle 2015-05-12 21:38 view
95 A man I.e., Charon. bbogle 2015-05-21 19:13 view
88 Peake The following sentence from Counterparts, in Dubliners: <<He could remember the way in which Mr. Alleyne had hounded little Peake out of the office in order to make room for his own nephew.>> So obviously Bloom is familiar with the story of that Peake's downfall. bbogle 2015-04-20 18:21 view
31 Glorious, pious and immortal memory. The opening of the Orange Toast of loyal Irish Protestants. See: http://www.finnegansweb.com/wiki/index.php/Orange_Toast bbogle 2015-05-28 11:54 view
3 Chrysostomos chrys[o] = (Greek) gold, golden, golden yellow; + -ostome = (Greek) mouth, orifice; therefore, goldenmouth. Suggests Buck's lofty rhetoric is ornamentation lavished to conceal a plainer soul. bbogle 2015-03-23 16:49 view
83 buoyed lightly upward Recalling his earlier thoughts about the Dead Sea: "Where was the chap I saw in that picture somewhere? Ah, in the dead sea..." See: http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/69 bbogle 2015-06-10 12:43 view
321 hoik! phthook! Our friend Joyce vividly illustrating another physiological function in Ulysses: the act of expectoration. bbogle 2015-06-27 08:52 view
14 maybe a messenger E.g., as Athena was wont to come in disguise to goad mortals into action, as she encouraged Telemachus to depart his home in Ithaca in search of his long-lost father, Odysseus. bbogle 2015-03-26 07:56 view
24 gorescarred That is, gorescarred precisely because it is a book of history, a parade of wars and crimes. At least, the word gorescarred signals to us Stephen's perspective. bbogle 2015-03-26 11:40 view
71 vailed Lowered in submission or feigned respect. See: http://goo.gl/4EMFCj bbogle 2015-03-30 05:26 view
90 bringing her a pound of rumpsteak Hmmm.... bbogle 2015-05-07 19:44 view
88 Paddy Leonard Another character from Dubliners, where he had a bit role in Counterparts. bbogle 2015-04-20 16:15 view
96 Fogarty Mentioned in Dubliners, a grocer-friend of Tom Kernan's. bbogle 2015-05-24 10:44 view
89 Mr Bloom reviewed the nails of his left hand, then those of his right hand. The nails, yes. During this brief exchange Bloom wishes he could refine himself out of existence. See this passage of Stephen's from Portrait: "...The dramatic form is reached when the vitality which has flowed and eddied round each person fills every person with such vital force that he or she assumes a proper and intangible esthetic life. The personality of the artist, at first a cry or a cadence or a mood and then a fluid and lambent narrative, finally refines itself out of existence, impersonalizes itself, so to speak. The esthetic image in the dramatic form is life purified in and reprojected from the human imagination. The mystery of esthetic, like that of material creation, is accomplished. The artist, like the God of creation, remains within or behind or beyond or above his handiwork, invisible, refined out of existence, indifferent, paring his fingernails." bbogle 2015-04-21 16:39 view
38 hushed in ruddy wool Molly knit a woolen jacket or sweater in which Rudy was buried. bbogle 2015-03-23 17:27 view
218 bridgepiers Recall from Nestor that a pier is a disappointed bridge. bbogle 2015-06-10 14:06 view
56 Mine. Slieve Bloom. "My" geography, "Slieve Bloom" being an Irish mountain range. bbogle 2015-03-24 15:17 view
29 Mr Deasy A venerated geezer at the time of the Trojan War and a legendary horseman from days of yore, Nestor (Deasy) was a sort of Polonious-type, better known for dispensing outmoded advice than for achievements won in the execution thereof. Too old to fight at Troy himself, this master of war never failed to urge young men to do so. In seeking Odysseus, Telemachus (Stephen) first visited Nestor, where he heard a wealth of opinion and learned little information of use. bbogle 2015-03-26 13:22 view
72 Who’s getting it up? The first inadvertent taunting of L Bloom. bbogle 2015-03-30 05:58 view
82 Bantam Lyons He is mentioned as a tenant in "The Boarding House" in Dubliners. bbogle 2015-04-15 17:03 view
42 a saucer of acetic acid Vinegar is a dilution of acetic acid, if that helps. bbogle 2015-05-12 20:26 view
43 Shattered glass and toppling masonry. Compare this Blakean passage to Nestor, http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/24 bbogle 2015-05-28 09:42 view
62 reincarnation Should Odysseus reincarnate as Bloom, and should the process happen repeatedly in the fullness of time, then we have the essential premise of Finnegans Wake. bbogle 2015-06-01 09:45 view
358 See ourselves as others see us. Quoting/paraphrasing a line from the last stanza of Robert Burns. (https://goo.gl/3WZRER). The expression is used by Stephen in Telemachus, and by Bloom in Lestrygonians and Nausicca. bbogle 2015-04-27 22:07 view
68 Oriental The Oriental motif which emerged in Calypso ― although in Proteus Stephen *almost* remembered a recurring dream involving, or associated with, Haroun al Raschid, who reigned in Baghdad during the Islamic Golden Age and is closely associated with the Book of One Thousand and One Nights ― coils cloyingly throughout Lotus Eaters, always carrying with it a wafting insinuation of exotic sensuality, particularly of a sexual proclivity. bbogle 2015-06-07 19:08 view
46 wolf Or mayhap a wolf... bbogle 2015-03-23 18:19 view
233 She is drowning Interesting that the metaphor Stephen latches onto to describe Dilly's plight is "drowning." He feels guilt ― perhaps not elevated to full consciousness ― because he imagines that all his siblings are drowning in poverty and he can do nothing to save them: each one, including Stephen, can only fend for him- or herself. We must reassess what's previously been on his mind when he has thought about drownings, and maybe extend our consideration of the significance of "agenbite of inwit." The guilt he feels is not only related to his mother's death, perhaps, but also to his incapacity of helping his siblings. In Proteus (http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/45) Stephen asked himself if, in certain circumstances, he would try to save a drowning man. Now, in Wandering Rocks, he identifies his own sister in a drowning condition right before him. Does he try to help her? No. bbogle 2015-06-25 06:17 view
67 Gretta Conroy Character in Joyce's story "The Dead." bbogle 2015-03-24 17:08 view
90 J. C. Doyle and John MacCormack Gifford identifies them "as among the cream of contemporary Irish musicians in the early twentieth century." bbogle 2015-05-07 18:51 view
64 Then he read the letter again : twice. Note that Bloom reads and re-reads as a deliberate means of memorizing text; the same behavior will be repeated with the Martha Clifford letter in Lotus Eaters. bbogle 2015-04-17 12:03 view
7 gilded Debagged: to remove the trousers; in this context a more intimate amputation is implied, and there's probable wordplay at work here involving gilded/gelded. Don't be steered wrong. bbogle 2015-05-12 21:20 view
54 green stones Where have I seen this before? http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/19 bbogle 2015-05-15 08:15 view
93 Monday morning start afresh. Shoulder to the wheel. Martin Cunningham as Sisyphus, encountered by Odysseus in Hades. bbogle 2015-05-21 18:51 view
26 Hocke Field hockey which the boys play. That is, ritualized and stylized violence (sport): imparting through play the tradition of martial violence. bbogle 2015-05-28 11:39 view
24 I hear the ruin of all space, shattered glass and toppling masonry, and time one livid final flame. A Blakean vision destined to recur in Stephen's day, here in apocalyptic combination with the fall of Troy and of local autonomy to the encroaching Roman Empire (e.g., Pyrrhus). See also passage in Proteus http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/43 and, most dramatically, in Circe http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/542 bbogle 2015-03-23 15:36 view
216 Corny Kelleher sped a silent jet of hayjuice arching from his mouth while a generous white arm from a window in Eccles street flung forth a coin. Twin parabolic arcs traced by matter accelerating at 32 feet per second per second under the influence of gravity. See also Ithaca: http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/655 bbogle 2015-06-08 19:09 view
48 That's twice I forgot to take slips from the library counter. As Leopold Bloom forgets his key. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:33 view
321 cuckoos David Hayman proposes that the use of the word cuckoos synchs the telling of this Cyclopean tale by our unnamed Narrator with the end of Nausicaa; that is, the Narrator is retelling the whole story sometime later in another pub. bbogle 2015-06-27 08:42 view
7 Cough it up. In keeping with the motif of phlegm and expectoration persistent in this episode. bbogle 2015-03-26 07:28 view
70 M’Coy Appears in "Grace" in Dubliners., where it is said of him: <<Mr. M'Coy had been at one time a tenor of some reputation. His wife, who had been a soprano, still taught young children to play the piano at low terms. His line of life had not been the shortest distance between two points and for short periods he had been driven to live by his wits. He had been a clerk in the Midland Railway, a canvasser for advertisements for The Irish Times and for The Freeman's Journal, a town traveller for a coal firm on commission, a private inquiry agent, a clerk in the office of the Sub-Sheriff, and he had recently become secretary to the City Coroner. His new office made him professionally interested in Mr. Kernan's case.>> bbogle 2015-03-30 05:11 view
77 the very reverend John Conmee S. J. Rector of Clongowes Wood College when Stephen Dedalus attended; later, prefect of studies at Belvedere College when Stephen attended there. Prominent figure in the Wandering Rocks episode. bbogle 2015-04-14 15:47 view
90 Mrs Fleming Housekeeper for the Bloom homestead. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:34 view
31 Lal the ral the raThe rocky road to Dublin. Another Irish ballad. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jxBKgOyMzSc bbogle 2015-05-28 12:05 view
89 I said I. That is, not "we"; not himself with Molly. He recognizes here -- as we saw with Stephen, who thought along the same lines at the end of Telemachus -- home [also] I cannot go. bbogle 2015-04-21 16:26 view
37 If I fell over a cliff that beetles o'er his base Shakespeare, with allusion to both Hamlet and King Lear. bbogle 2015-03-23 17:06 view
651 For what creature was the door of egress a door of ingress ? Compare to passage in Wandering Rocks (http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/224) and Stephen Dedalus' consideration of the difference between a gate and a door in Proteus. bbogle 2015-06-10 13:28 view
55 But I couldn’t go in that light suit. Parallelism with Stephen, who can't wear gray. bbogle 2015-03-24 15:07 view
316 Didn't I tell you? As true as I’m drinking this porter David Hayman proposes that these sentences can be read as revealing to us that the unnamed Narrator is telling some unknown auditor(s) what he saw some time earlier at Barney Kiernan's pub. That is, all of Cyclops would be a retelling that is recounted at some time removed from the hour in which the action unfolded. See annotations here: http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/321 bbogle 2015-06-27 09:03 view
18 a sail tacking by the Muglins I can't help thinking this is also a reference to the perils of being caught between the Scylla and Charybdis; rather, the risk of tacking too close to Mulligan. bbogle 2015-03-26 08:16 view
27 Sargent Gifford finds no source for the name Sargent. Perhaps it continues the military theme (i.e., "sergeant") begun in the history of Pyrrhus and echoing on in the battle-cries erupting from the hockey field as this episode plays out. bbogle 2015-03-26 12:11 view
442 gauntlets with braided drums Probably the braids on the back of her gloves. See: http://www.jjon.org/joyce-s-words/drums. Within Ulysses, see also, in Lotus-Eaters: http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/71 bbogle 2015-03-30 05:35 view
90 Moira Moira Hotel. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:45 view
91 Gray’s statue Another haunting by Irish ghosts. Sir John Gray (1816-75), Protestant, patriot, owner/editor of the Freeman's Journal, advocated disestablishment of the Church of Ireland, land reform, free denominational education. bbogle 2015-05-13 22:33 view
37 Signatures of all things I am here to read Jakob Boehme: http://www.sacred-texts.com/eso/sat/index.htm bbogle 2015-05-20 23:07 view
39 coign of vantage From the Scottish play, description of the castle at Inverness. The birds love it. "Coign" = corner; viz., a useful corner. http://shakespeare.mit.edu/macbeth/macbeth.1.6.html bbogle 2015-05-29 09:22 view
46 like a bounding hare How like a hare this dog has become. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:16 view
9 A cloud began to cover the sun slowly The same cloud observed by Bloom in Calypso (http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/58)., synchronizing the Telemachiad with the Wanderings of Ulysses. bbogle 2015-03-24 15:55 view
85 Ignatius Gallaher Successful Irish expat, a journalist, come back to Dublin in "A Little Cloud" in Dubliners. bbogle 2015-04-15 18:12 view
7 they This puzzled me for a long time. Who are "they?" See comments in following paragraphs. bbogle 2015-05-12 20:39 view
92 The best death An unpopular opinion among his Catholic companions, for a sudden death precludes administration of the last rites. bbogle 2015-05-21 18:31 view
37 iambs marching Martial poetic feet: feet marching. See also Joyce's essay on James Clarence Mangan; search on the page for the word iambs. http://andromeda.rutgers.edu/~ehrlich/382/MANGAN1 bbogle 2015-05-28 10:35 view
59 — Poldy! In the following pages note the inversion of traditional domestic roles: this is the palace of feminine authority with the male acting as servant, as was the case when Odysseus was captive to (captivated by) Calypso. bbogle 2015-06-01 10:00 view
23 A voice, sweettoned and sustained, called to him from the sea. Turning the curve he waved his hand. It called again. Mayn't this be conceived of as the first siren's call heard in Ulysses? Aye, it may. bbogle 2015-06-08 10:19 view
46 panther Very much like a panther. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:25 view
3 untonsured That is, Buck Mulligan is not very monk-like. In "The Dead," the Protestant Mr Browne is bewildered by the expressions of piety engaged in by the monks at the Mount Melleray monastery. bbogle 2015-03-26 07:09 view
71 Bob Doran Character appearing in "The Boarding House" in Dubliners, where he is trapped in a marriage. Later in Cyclops we'll see him rip-roaring drunk. bbogle 2015-03-30 05:03 view
90 Smith O’Brien Gifford: They pass a statue of William Smith O'Brien at the intersection of Westmoreland and D'Olier streets. Formed the Irish Confederation in 1847. Attempted to raise the country during the famine in 1848. Found guilty of high treason after attacking a police garrison. His death sentence later commuted to penal servitude. Released in 1854, pardoned in 1856. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:24 view
86 Noisy selfwilled man. Full of his son. He is right. Simon Dedalus' protective response to a perceived threat or accosting of his son triggers parallel (if truncated and wistful) feelings in Bloom, which he'll subsequently revisit throughout the day. This linkage, established by Simon Dedalus' words here, will allow for Bloom to gradually transfer his emotion from Rudy to Stephen Dedalus: note that Bloom first judges Simon as a "noisy selfwilled man," which will help Bloom, in a psychological sense, to be dismissive of Simon's effective role in providing adequate paternalism and so open the door for Bloom to enter in and play that role. bbogle 2015-04-17 12:25 view
7 Shouts from the open window Compare to schoolyard shouts heard outside the window in Nestor, and Stephen's famous declaration that "God is a shout in the street." bbogle 2015-05-12 21:35 view
25 Ethel, Nurse Callan seems a bit old for these boys to be whispering about, methinks. So perhaps is Lily. Hm. bbogle 2015-05-15 08:36 view
95 A man I.e., Charon. bbogle 2015-05-21 19:13 view
31 Russell Presumably George William Russell (AE). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_William_Russell bbogle 2015-05-28 11:50 view
27 riddle The mystification of the pupils at Stephen's riddle reminds one of the riddle that Athy did not quite share with young Stephen in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, thereby bewildering that other once-upon-a-time young pupil. bbogle 2015-03-23 16:01 view
265 Seven days in jail, Ben Dollard said, on bread and water. Then you’d sing, Simon, like a garden thrush. Because Simon Dedalus would not have access to alcohol in that time. bbogle 2015-06-10 12:34 view
50 Moving through the air high spars of a threemaster, her sails brailed up on the crosstrees, homing, upstream, silently moving, a silent ship. Joyce revisits the crosstrees in Stephen's internal mocking of the Apostles' Creed in Scylla and Charybdis (http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/189), and this silent ship, the threemaster Rosevean from Bridgwater with bricks, is mentioned at various times as well, including in Eumaeus (http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/580). bbogle 2015-03-23 19:09 view
321 hoik! phthook! Our friend Joyce vividly illustrating another physiological function in Ulysses: the act of expectoration. bbogle 2015-06-27 08:52 view
14 maybe a messenger E.g., as Athena was wont to come in disguise to goad mortals into action, as she encouraged Telemachus to depart his home in Ithaca in search of his long-lost father, Odysseus. bbogle 2015-03-26 07:56 view
24 — You, Cochrane, what city sent for him? It seems history, we've already seen, is to blame; here, Stephen is obliged to teach history, toward which he holds a certain aversion, as will soon be established. A widespread re-evaluation of history and its significance concerned many modernist artists, including James Joyce. History therefore becomes an important motif in Ulysses. bbogle 2015-03-26 11:37 view
71 Brutus is an honourable man Julius Caeser allusion. bbogle 2015-03-30 05:18 view
90 bringing her a pound of rumpsteak Hmmm.... bbogle 2015-05-07 19:44 view
87 Hynes Joe Hynes appeared in Ivy Day in the Committee Room in Dubliners. In Ulysses he is apparently writing for the Freeman's Journal. bbogle 2015-04-20 16:09 view
96 Fogarty Mentioned in Dubliners, a grocer-friend of Tom Kernan's. bbogle 2015-05-24 10:44 view
89 Mr Bloom reviewed the nails of his left hand, then those of his right hand. The nails, yes. During this brief exchange Bloom wishes he could refine himself out of existence. See this passage of Stephen's from Portrait: "...The dramatic form is reached when the vitality which has flowed and eddied round each person fills every person with such vital force that he or she assumes a proper and intangible esthetic life. The personality of the artist, at first a cry or a cadence or a mood and then a fluid and lambent narrative, finally refines itself out of existence, impersonalizes itself, so to speak. The esthetic image in the dramatic form is life purified in and reprojected from the human imagination. The mystery of esthetic, like that of material creation, is accomplished. The artist, like the God of creation, remains within or behind or beyond or above his handiwork, invisible, refined out of existence, indifferent, paring his fingernails." bbogle 2015-04-21 16:39 view
38 hushed in ruddy wool Molly knit a woolen jacket or sweater in which Rudy was buried. bbogle 2015-03-23 17:27 view
218 bridgepiers Recall from Nestor that a pier is a disappointed bridge. bbogle 2015-06-10 14:06 view
56 joggerfry. I.e., geography. bbogle 2015-03-24 15:13 view
29 Mr Deasy A venerated geezer at the time of the Trojan War and a legendary horseman from days of yore, Nestor (Deasy) was a sort of Polonious-type, better known for dispensing outmoded advice than for achievements won in the execution thereof. Too old to fight at Troy himself, this master of war never failed to urge young men to do so. In seeking Odysseus, Telemachus (Stephen) first visited Nestor, where he heard a wealth of opinion and learned little information of use. bbogle 2015-03-26 13:22 view
72 Who’s getting it up? The first inadvertent taunting of L Bloom. bbogle 2015-03-30 05:58 view
82 Bantam Lyons He is mentioned as a tenant in "The Boarding House" in Dubliners. bbogle 2015-04-15 17:03 view
90 Elvery’s elephant house Sellers of waterproof cloaks, etc. bbogle 2015-05-07 19:54 view
25 ghoststory A ghost story is much on Stephen's mind: the recurring vision of his dead mother, and of her death. The riddle he tells the class might be construed as an age-appropriate version of this ghost story. bbogle 2015-05-28 09:14 view
50 My teeth are very bad. Why, I wonder? Feel. That one is going too. Shells. After all that business about chrysostomos in Telemachus it's only now, in the third episode, that we discover that Joyce (and Stephen) was setting up this dichotomy; that is, it is in part because of Stephen's bad teeth that he was sensitive to Buck's golden teeth, even, white and glittering. Stephen was not only describing but contrasting, presumably reflecting on the injustice of the situation. Thus at this line about Stephen's teeth, so far removed from the original observation, we suddenly have a new interpretation, or way of understanding, what had been informing Stephen's thoughts much earlier. How we understood at least one part of Telemachus is subtly altered. Of course by widely distributing meanings and interpretations throughout the entire text of Ulysses Joyce insures that our understanding of the whole is constantly being challenged. This technique makes the book more life-like and keeps us coming back to it as we slowly fall under, and eventually fully succumb to, the spell which Joyce weaves. bbogle 2015-04-27 21:20 view
68 At eleven it is. That is, he has confirmed the hour of Dignam's funeral. bbogle 2015-06-07 18:49 view
46 bearish No,'tis like unto a bear. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:18 view
220 16 June 1904 Now we know on what day the action of Ulysses takes place. bbogle 2015-06-25 05:39 view
67 Gretta Conroy Character in Joyce's story "The Dead." bbogle 2015-03-24 17:08 view
90 J. C. Doyle and John MacCormack Gifford identifies them "as among the cream of contemporary Irish musicians in the early twentieth century." bbogle 2015-05-07 18:51 view
64 Then he read the letter again : twice. Note that Bloom reads and re-reads as a deliberate means of memorizing text; the same behavior will be repeated with the Martha Clifford letter in Lotus Eaters. bbogle 2015-04-17 12:03 view
7 gilded Debagged: to remove the trousers; in this context a more intimate amputation is implied, and there's probable wordplay at work here involving gilded/gelded. Don't be steered wrong. bbogle 2015-05-12 21:20 view
54 green stones Where have I seen this before? http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/19 bbogle 2015-05-15 08:15 view
92 like little Rudy’s was Not uncommonly, first time readers of Ulysses are put off by Bloom's dalliance with Martha Clifford and as various aspects of his character are revealed in The Louts Eaters. But as more of his back story emerges in Hades, a new sympathy begins to emerge. Reassessment follows. bbogle 2015-05-21 18:46 view
26 Hocke Field hockey which the boys play. That is, ritualized and stylized violence (sport): imparting through play the tradition of martial violence. bbogle 2015-05-28 11:39 view
24 I hear the ruin of all space, shattered glass and toppling masonry, and time one livid final flame. A Blakean vision destined to recur in Stephen's day, here in apocalyptic combination with the fall of Troy and of local autonomy to the encroaching Roman Empire (e.g., Pyrrhus). See also passage in Proteus http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/43 and, most dramatically, in Circe http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/542 bbogle 2015-03-23 15:36 view
216 Corny Kelleher sped a silent jet of hayjuice arching from his mouth while a generous white arm from a window in Eccles street flung forth a coin. Twin parabolic arcs traced by matter accelerating at 32 feet per second per second under the influence of gravity. See also Ithaca: http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/655 bbogle 2015-06-08 19:09 view
48 That's twice I forgot to take slips from the library counter. As Leopold Bloom forgets his key. bbogle 2015-03-23 18:33 view
5 The bard Referring to Stephen's literary interest and talents, but also linking Stephen to Shakespeare. bbogle 2015-03-26 07:23 view
70 M’Coy Appears in "Grace" in Dubliners., where it is said of him: <<Mr. M'Coy had been at one time a tenor of some reputation. His wife, who had been a soprano, still taught young children to play the piano at low terms. His line of life had not been the shortest distance between two points and for short periods he had been driven to live by his wits. He had been a clerk in the Midland Railway, a canvasser for advertisements for The Irish Times and for The Freeman's Journal, a town traveller for a coal firm on commission, a private inquiry agent, a clerk in the office of the Sub-Sheriff, and he had recently become secretary to the City Coroner. His new office made him professionally interested in Mr. Kernan's case.>> bbogle 2015-03-30 05:11 view
75 meaning of that word As Molly had asked him for the meaning of the word metempsychosis: consulting Bloom the lexicologist. bbogle 2015-04-14 15:20 view
90 O’Callaghan Gifford: either a disbarred attorney now selling bootlaces or (maybe more probably) an elaborate dramatic embodiment of "a brief and once-popular two-act farce" called "His Last Legs.: bbogle 2015-05-07 19:32 view
7 aproned The garb of a craftsman, one who creates, an artist. bbogle 2015-05-12 21:39 view
88 Crosbie and Alleyne Mr Alleyne is a prominent supporting character in Counterparts in Dubliners. Crosbie and Alleyne's is a firm of solicitors. bbogle 2015-04-20 18:23 view
31 Croppies lie down Title of a Protestant, anti-Catholic rebel song. https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=44&v=orLeh3GsY6s bbogle 2015-05-28 12:02 view
34 History, Stephen said, is a nightmare from which I am trying to awake. Depicted herein is the clash between visions of a theory, or philosophy, of progressive history and a Modernist conception of a more chaotic theory of history. See, for example, the ninth thesis of Walter Benjamin's "Theses on the Philosophy of History," which may be found here: http://pages.ucsd.edu/~rfrank/class_web/ES-200A/Week%202/benjamin_ps.pdf Here, at the critical crystallization of Stephen's thoughts on the matter, it's worth recalling that it was Haines' casual comment that "it seems history is to blame" has triggered most of Stephen's thinking in Nestor. bbogle 2015-03-21 10:47 view
29 It is very simple Stephen struggled with sums when he was Sargent's age, as shown in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. bbogle 2015-03-23 17:00 view
224 The gates of the drive opened wide to give egress to the viceregal cavalcade. Compare to passage in Ithaca (http://www.infiniteulysses.com/ulysses/651) and Stephen Dedalus' consideration of the difference between a gate and a door in Proteus. bbogle 2015-06-10 13:26 view
55 But I couldn’t go in that light suit. Parallelism with Stephen, who can't wear gray. bbogle 2015-03-24 15:07 view